HDNP Presentation at UHMC April 25th, 2014

UHMC-On Friday April 25th, 2014 HDNP gave a presentation at UHMC Library.

We had a great time, and thank all faculty, staff and librarians, who attended!


HDNP Show and Tell – Hawaii Libraries Association April 19th, 2014

On Saturday April 19th we were invited to be a participant at the Hawaii Library Association Show and Tell.

Thank you HLA!


Pictured here from left to right: Our Helper Danielle Todd ( UH Graduate Library Student), Jennifer Beamer (HDNP Program Manager), Rae-Anne Montague (UH Assistant Professor and School Library Media Program Coordinator, and Tim Arnold (HLA President and HPU Head of Reference Services)

Business Section

Business in Hawaii is pretty unique. The aloha shirt is considered formal wear. The high school you graduated from matters. Even though Pidgin (Hawaii Creole English) is often disparaged, it might give you an advantage with networking.

Business and capitalism as a whole didn’t always exist in Hawaii. Ancient Hawaiians ran a feudalist society with a subsistence economy based on the ahapuaa (the land division based on the water sources that ran from mountain to sea). After Captain James Cook arrived in 1778 and made European contact, foreigners started coming to Hawaii and engaging in trade with the Hawaiian people. Hawaii’s economy evolved into a capitalist one, with the industries including the sandalwood trade, whaling, agriculture (sugar, pineapple, coffee), and tourism.
The New York Herald published the first business section in a daily newspaper, a money page, in 1835, and other daily U.S. newspapers eventually followed suit, including Hawaii’s establishment (conservative) newspapers in the late 1800s. Many of reported business and financial news catering to businessmen and included a list of stock exchange prices for local companies and news about major agricultural industries (e.g. sugar).

The following Hawaii newspapers ran a business section in the late 1800s and/or early 1900s.

Search Strategies – Newspapers with Business Sections
Evening Bulletin – “In Business Circles”newspaper: Evening Bulletin, phrase: “in business circles”
Hawaiian Gazette – “Commercial News”

Newspaper: Hawaiian Gazette, Phrase: Commercial News

The Hawaiian Star – “Financial and Commercial News”

Newspaper: Hawaiian Star, Phrase: commercial news

Honolulu Star-Bulletin – “Commercial News”

Newspaper: Honolulu Star-Bulletin, Phrase: Commercial News

Newspaper: Honolulu Star-Bulletin, with the phrase: “business and financial news”

Honolulu Star-Bulletin – “In Business Circles—News and Review”

newspaper: Honolulu Star-Bulletin, phrase: in business circles, within 5 words: news review

The Oldest Person in Hawaii

The oldest person in Hawaii at age 124, Kepoolele Apau witnessed the rapid Westernization of Hawaii.

Born in Puna, Hawaii, she saw Kamehameha I and Keoua before his ill-fated battle. During the transition from Hawaiian religion to Christianity, missionaries converted Kepoolele to Christianity. A friend of Kapiolani, Kepoolele visited the Kilauea volcano with her. Kepoolele also lived through a smallpox epidemic, caring for her infected loved ones and burying those who passed away.

The Hawaiian Gazette interviewed Kepoolele and published her life story. “Read more about it!”

Native Hawaiian Folktales

Why does Manoa Valley get a lot of rain? How did a volcano cool down? Native Hawaiian folktales have the answers to these questions, and Frederick J. Haskin wrote about them and more in “Folk-Lore Tales of Old Hawaii.”  

Princess Kaiulani’s Spirit

After Princess Kaiulani’s untimely death at age 23, Hawaiians claimed to see and hear Princess Kaiulani’s spirit.

Right before her death, Kaiulani reportedly was hoping that her doctor would save her. At her Ainahua home, somebody reported hearing her cry out, “Kauka, Kauka!” (doctor). Somebody else said he saw Kaiulani in Washington Place.

Was Kaiulani’s spirit haunting those Hawaiians? “Read more about it!”

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser Now Available up to 1903!

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser

pcaheader Calendar View: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047084/issues/1903/

The Pacific Commercial Advertiser (PCA) debuted in Honolulu on July 2, 1856, when Hawaiʻi was in the throes of westernization and the resulting decline of the Native Hawaiian culture and population. Owner and editor Henry Martyn Whitney called the PCA an “opposition paper,” because “The whalemen wanted an American newspaper and the white residents wanted one that was not run ‘by authority'” (referring to the Hawaiian government-sponsored Polynesian, according to Whitney’s obituary. He based the PCA upon the New-York Commercial Advertiser, where he had been employed. Whitneywas the first newspaperman in Honolulu to meet ships off port in a boat to pick up foreign newspapers, as was often done in New York. Initially the Pacific Commercial Advertiser was published every Thursday. In 1882 a daily (except Sunday) edition was also published. In May 1888 the weekly edition ceased.

The PCA provided local political and legislative news and news of the neighbor islands, in addition to international news. Although the target audience was English-speaking, in the newspaper’s first two and one-half months, a Hawaiian-language section titled “Ka Hoku Loa o Hawaii” (The Morning Star of Hawaii) filled the PCA’s last page.

As an English-language newspaper serving the minority Caucasian community in Hawaiʻi, the PCA supported the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, noting that it was “natural, logical and as common in the world’s history as it is natural and common to throw away a ragged coat” and was “a step forward.” The PCA faulted Native Hawaiians for the overthrow and criticized King Kaläkaua’s monarchy for “[committing] suicide.” Encouraging American annexation, a January 14, 1898 PCA editorial stated, “To expect the natives, with their Polynesian antecedents, their ignorance of the science of government, and their natural child-like love for their old environments, their love for the old native Monarch, to submit without some sort of protest to the new order of things, is to expect them to rise higher in the scale of reasoning beings than any white man on these islands has yet risen.”

Whitney had sold the PCA to James H. Black and William Auld on September 1, 1870. When Auld retired on June 1, 1875, Black became the sole owner. Thereafter the PCA experienced many ownership changes; owners included Henry L. Sheldon in 1876, Walter Murray Gibson on September 1, 1880, the Hawaiian Gazette Company (publisher of the newspaper Hawaiian Gazette) in 1888, and Lorrin Andrews Thurston in 1898. On March 31, 1921 Thurston renamed the Pacific Commercial Advertiser the Honolulu Advertiser, which eventually became known as one of the oldest newspapers published west of the Rockies.

The Honolulu Advertiser competed fiercely with the Honolulu Star-Bulletin for the next 60 years, eventually dominating the local newspaper market in the 1980s. Black Press, owner of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin, purchased the Honolulu Advertiser on February 25, 2010. The two newspapers were merged on June 6, 2010, to become the Honolulu Star-Advertiser, thus turning Honolulu into a one-newspaper town.

Provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Prince Albert of Hawaii

On May 20, 1858, Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma’s only son, Prince Albert Kamehameha, was born. It was hoped that the Crown Prince of Hawaii would continue the Kamehameha dynasty as king.

Unfortunately, Prince Albert’s death at the age of four would end those hopes. Read about it in “Death of H. R. H. Prince Albert of Hawaii!”

Society Page

Wouldn’t you like to be rich and famous? Or maybe you just want to read about rich and famous people?

Today, we have tabloid newspapers, magazines, websites, and TV shows. The late 1800s and early 1900s had society pages in newspapers, including Hawaii newspapers. The society pages reported the news on the rich and famous, including their travels, social events, and personal relationships.

You can read more about the society pages in this historical feature article.

Uses of the Kukui Nut

Ever used a nut as a lamp?

The ancient Hawaiians did with the kukui nut (candlenut). To create the lamp, they strung the nuts together, placed them on a skewer, or put them onto a torch.

The ancient Hawaiians also used the versatile kukui nut to make jewelry, tattoo ink, red-brown dye, topical medication, and varnish.

Read more about the uses of the kukui nut in “Its Uses and Disuses Told by Mr. Girvin.”