Shipwreck Landing at Niihau

Today in history — February 26, 1896 — A schooner from San Francisco got shipwrecked on the reefs of the French Frigate Shoals, an atoll northwest of the Hawaiian islands. The crew evacuated into four boats with five to six men each, and the first one landed on Niihau and encountered a few people:

“The captain and one of the men went over towards a beachhouse … on the beach near … the landing and found a native woman in the boat-house, who got quite astonished at seeing the two white men. They tried to talk to the woman but she did not understand a single word of English. Her husband, who was fishing, … turned up … but … he did not understand any English either…”

Read more about it in “Ship Wrecked Sealers”
“Ship Wrecked Sealers”
Evening bulletin, March 02, 1896, Image 1

“The Interpretation of Dreams” in America – Topics in Chronicling America

An 1893 article speculates dreams are how God speaks to us. Two turn-of-the-century scientists theorized dreams predict physical illness or bodily pain. Modern psychologists wrangled with the meaning of dreams for decades, until Sigmund Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis and the subconscious swept the country.

This topics page provides useful information for searching about “The Interpretation of Dreams” in Chronicling America’s historic newspapers, including significant dates, associated search terms and sample article links…. Read more about it!

The Lanai Earthquake

Today in history — February 19, 1871 — The Lanai Earthquake rocked Hawaii with a magnitude of 6.8 at 10:11 p.m. This earthquake caused the most damage to buildings of all recorded Hawaii earthquakes. An “attentive” correspondent wrote about experiencing the earthquake:

“[The earthquake] commenced with a dull roaring noise, accompanied by a violent rocking of the earth, increasing to a louder roar and a lively rattle of things generally, and finally subsided with a low rumbling sound. … my house was fearfully shaken. The vibrations were from south to north.

Read more about the earthquake’s effects in “The Earthquake on Molokai.”

“The Earthquake on Molokai”
The Pacific commercial advertiser., March 04, 1871, Image 3

Makapuu Lighthouse

After a big steamship crashed onto the rocks of Waimanalo Bay and sank on a dark night, the Makapuu Lighthouse was built in 1909. Its lense was “one of the most powerful in existence” and measures 12 by 8 feet, and the lighthouse’s light can be seen 50 miles away in clear weather.

Read more about it in “Makapuu Lighthouse Needs Only the Lantern.”

“Makapuu Lighthouse Needs Only the Lantern”
The Pacific commercial advertiser, October 18, 1908