King Kamehameha IV’s Death and King Kamehameha V’s Accession

King Kamehameha IV

Today in history — November 30, 1863 — King Kamehameha IV, known as Alexander ʻIolani Liholiho, died at age 29, leaving his wife Queen Emma. A year before, their only child Prince Albert died at age 5.

As a result of Kamehameha IV’s death, Kamehameha V, Lot, ascended to the throne at age 33. Kamehameha IV’s older brother previously served under his brother as Minister of Interior and Minister of Finance.

Read more about it in “Death of His Majesty Kamehameha IV” and “Accession of His Majesty Kamehameha V.”

“Death of His Majesty Kamehameha IV” and “Accession of His Majesty Kamehameha V”
Pacific commercial advertiser, December 3, 1863, Page 2

Thanksgiving Day

In 1916, Thanksgiving Day in Honolulu meant luau, Thanksgiving services at churches, and a Thankgiving fair at Atkinson Park. Read more about it in “Thanksgiving in Honolulu Is Day Widely Observed.”

“Thanksgiving in Honolulu Is Day Widely Observed”
Honolulu star-bulletin., December 01, 1916, 2:30 Edition, Page EIGHT, Image 8

Writer Jack London Died

Today in history — November 22, 1916 — American writer Jack London died. He was in the middle of creating a Hawaiian novel, as London spent time in Hawaii years before. Read more about it in “London Died as He Was Creating Hawaiian Novel.”

“London Died as He Was Creating Hawaiian Novel: Gifted Author Expressed ‘Fond Belief All Hawaii Would Like Book'”
Honolulu star-bulletin, November 23, 1916

Chronicling America Posts 10 Millionth Page

Chronicling America, a free, online searchable database of historic U.S. newspapers, has posted its 10 millionth page.

The site now features more than 10 million pages – 74 terabytes of total data – from more than 1,900 newspapers in 38 states and territories and the District of Columbia. The site averaged nearly 3.8 million page views per month last year.

Chronicling America Facts

  • The site now features more than 10 million pages – 74 terabytes of total data – from more than 1,900 newspapers in 38 states and territories and the District of Columbia.
  • Between January and December 2014, the site logged 3.8 million visits and 41.7 million page views;
  • The resource includes more than 285,000 pages in almost 100 non-English newspapers (French, German, Italian and Spanish);
  • More than 250 Recommended Topics pages have been created, offering a gateway to exploration for users at any level. Topics include presidential assassinations, historic events such as the sinking of the Titanic, inventions, famous individuals such as the Wright Brothers and cultural or off-beat subjects like fashion trends, ping-pong and world’s fairs;
  • NEH has awarded a total of more than $30 million in grants to 40 partner institutions to contribute to Chronicling America, listed here:

The site is being used by students, researchers, journalists and others for all kinds of research, from family history to in-depth analysis of U.S. culture. The headlines, articles and advertisements capture the life and times of the American people, shining new light on historic events as they unfolded.

Launched by the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) in 2007, Chronicling America provides enhanced and permanent access to historically significant newspapers published in the United States between 1836 and 1922. It is part of the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a joint effort between the two agencies and partners in 40 states and territories.

While newspapers are frequently available for general use through microfilm and can be shared among users by interlibrary loan or purchasing copies, digitizing pages and providing full-text keyword access to the content is transformative for research of all kinds. In addition to saving researchers hours of scrolling through reels of microfilm, full-text access allows users to discover connections between research topics and uncover little-known stories in American history. The Chronicling America site includes a broad, curated set of newspapers selected for their historical value that users can browse or search, and through a few clicks narrow their focus to newspapers published all on the same day, in the same region, or the entire country. In addition, the content in Chronicling America is available for bulk download and API use, fostering new research approaches through computational and linguistic analysis.

The NDNP awards grants to entities in each state and territory to identify and digitize historic newspaper content. Awardees receive NEH funding to select and digitize 100,000 pages of historic newspapers published in their states between 1836 and 1922. Uniform technical specifications are provided to ensure consistency of all content, and digital files are transferred to the Library of Congress for long-term management and access. The first awards were made in 2005. Since then, NEH has awarded more than $30 million in support of the project.

Founded in 1800, the Library of Congress is the nation’s first-established federal cultural institution and the largest library in the world. It seeks to spark imagination and creativity and to further human understanding and wisdom by providing access to knowledge through its magnificent collections, programs, publications and exhibitions. Many of the Library’s rich resources can be accessed through its website at

Celebrating its 50th anniversary as an independent federal agency in 2015, the National Endowment for the Humanities brings the best in humanities research, public programs, education, and preservation projects to the American people. To date, NEH has awarded $5 billion in grants to build the nation’s cultural capital — at museums, libraries, colleges and universities, archives, and historical societies—and advance our understanding and appreciation of history, literature, philosophy, and language. Learn more at

Kalakaua Day, 1916.

Honolulu star-bulletin, November 15, 1916, 3:30 Edition, Page 8



Morning Reception, Appearance of Pa-u Riders and Dance at Night Make Up Program

in honor of the Kalakaua Dynasty which ruled over the Hawaiian Islands for 22 years, Honolulu will celebrate tomorrow, and the day will be filled with many pleasant features.

The big affair of the day will occur in the evening when the reception and ball at the armory will be held. Because of the illness of Queen Liliuokalani, she will not be able to attend, but in her place Prince and Princess Kalanianaole will receive the guests. After the reception three orchestras will furnish music for the dancing and a gala time is anticipated. A large number of invitations have been issued and to be sure that no one was overlooked Princess Kawananakoa chairman of the invitation committee, wishes all who have not received invitations to go to the…

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King David Kalākaua’s 50th Birthday

Today in history — November 16, 1886 — King David Kalākaua and the entire Hawaiian Kingdom celebrated his fiftieth birthday with a silver jubilee. The celebration included a public luau (feast) with poi, fish, and roasted pig; rarely seen hula performances and canoe racing; a parade; and one of the earliest uses of electric light in Hawaii. Read more about it in “King Kalākaua’s Silver Jubilee.”

King Kalākaua’s Silver Jubilee

Queen Liliuokalani’s Death

Today in history — November 11, 1917 — Queen Liliuokalani died. Churches on Maui, decorated with flags, royal palms, and flowers, held services in English and Hawaiian. Churchgoers listened to reverends speak about Liliuokalani’s life and impact on Hawaii. Read more about it in “Queen’s Death Widely Mourned Around Islands.”

“Queen’s Death Widely Mourned Around Islands”
Honolulu star-bulletin., November 24, 1917, 3:30 Edition, Congressional Party Section, Page NINE, Image 37

Kona Inn ad in English, 1939.




The Kona Inn will do everything to make

Life Enjoyable

Inter-Island Steamship Co.,



(Hoku o Hawaii, 4/26/1939, p. 1)

Kona Inn Ka Hoku o Hawaii, Volume XXXIII, Number 52, Aoao 1. Aperila 26, 1939.

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Chronicling America Data Challenge

National competition calls upon hackers and data enthusiasts to delve into historic newspapers

“The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) has launched a nationwide contest, challenging members of the public to produce creative web-based projects using data pulled from Chronicling America, the digital repository of historic U.S. newspapers….Chronicling America provides free digital access to ten million pages of historically significant newspapers published in the United States between 1836 and 1922.

In a competition posted at, NEH encourages contestants to develop data visualizations, web-based tools, or other innovative web-based projects using…a user-friendly Application Program Interface (API) to explore the data contained in Chronicling America data.”

See and for more information on prizes and entry. The contest closes on June 15, 2016.

For more program information, please visit the NEH’s program page at or for technical information, visit the LC site at …. Read more about it and follow us on Twitter @librarycongress #ChronAm #10Million!

Presentation at UH Manoa: LIS 652 – Introduction to Archives Management

Tonight, Graduate Research Assistant Alice Kim presented about the Hawaii Digital Newspaper Project to LIS 652 – Introduction to Archives Management, a library science course at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. UH Manoa archivist Dainan Skeem teaches this course, and eighteen students are enrolled.

For outreach, the Hawaii Digital Newspaper Project delivers presentations to students, librarians, and community members.