Lili’uokalani Becomes the Queen

Princess Regent Lili’uokalani Source:

Today in history — January 29, 1891 — After King Kalakaua’s body arrived in Honolulu Harbor from San Francisco, Princess Regent Lili’uokalani became Her Majesty Queen Lili’uokalani, the eighth ruling monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Read more about it in “Proclamation” and “Resolutions and the Privy Council.”

“Proclamation” and “Resolutions and the Privy Council”
The Daily bulletin, January 30, 1891, Image

King Kalakaua’s Homecoming

The USS Charleston

This week in history — January 29, 1891 — Hundreds of spectators crowded on Honolulu Harbor, chattering among themselves, to greet King Kalakaua, who was returning from San Francisco. The USS Charleston sailed to the harbor, and the crowd waited for the Merrie Monarch to exit the ship. But rather, naval officers in blue jackets carried a casket onto the harbor, and the news quickly spread: The King has died!

Read more about it in “Returned to Rest.”

“Returned to Rest: King Kalakaua’s Body Landed from the ‘Charleston’”
The Daily bulletin, January 30, 1891, Image 3

Captain Cook’s Contact with Native Hawaiians

This week in history — January 18, 1778 — Captain James Cook and his crew sailed past Oahu and a few days later landed at Waimea, Kauai. While the Native Hawaiians initially welcomed the British explorer and his crew as gods,

“… a difficulty arose between Captain Cook and the Chief of the island, and the brave navigator lost his life at the hands of the savages. It was a most unfortunate affair for science, for when Cook fell the whole world was called to mourn the loss of one of its greatest captains and discoverers.”

Agree with this depiction and labeling Hawaiians as “savages”? Read more about it in “Captain Cook.”

“Captain Cook: The Story of the Discovery of Hawaii”
The Hawaiian gazette., August 22, 1893, Page 5, Image 5

Overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy

Today in history — January 17, 1893 — With the help of U.S. marines, the “Committee of Safety” overthrew the Hawaiian Monarchy and established the Provisional Government.

The Committee of Safety made up of thirteen Caucasian business and political leaders, and they aimed to convince the United States to annex Hawaii. A grandson of American missionaries, Lorrin A. Thurston led this conspiracy. Another descendent of missionaries, Sanford Ballard Dole served as the presidents of the Provisional Government and the Republic of Hawaii.

Read more about it in “A Provisional Government.”

“A Provisional Government: President Dole and Associates Assume the Leadership”
The Daily bulletin, January 18, 1893, Image 4

The First Korean Immigrants in America

Dora Kim Moon and her family. From Distinctive Women in Hawaii History:

January 13, 1903 — the first large group of Korean immigrants arrived in America. As 102 Korean men, women, and children stepped off the S.S. Gaelic, they saw Hawaii’s blue skies for the first time. Little did they know that seven years later, Japan would colonize their native land, and many of them would never experience Korea’s four seasons again.

The men arrived to work in the sugar plantations, and their immigration was “experimental”:

“If they are found to be good laborers on the plantation and take kindly to the country, there is not question whatever that each steamer from the Orient will see a large company of these people.”

Read more about it in “Party of Koreans.”

“Party of Koreans”
Evening bulletin, Jan. 13, 1903, P. 1

Kamehameha IV, the King of Hawaii

This week in history — January 11, 1855 — Alexander ʻIolani Liholiho became King Kamehameha IV of Hawaii at twenty years old, replacing Kamehameha III, his uncle and adoptive father.

Kuhina Nui Keoni Ana (John Young II) proclaimed, “Prince Alexander Liholiho is KING of the Hawaiian Islands, under the style of KAMEHAMEHA IV. God Preserve the King.”

As the fourth king of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha IV tried to resist the growing American influence in Hawaii. Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma Rooke, his queen consort, improved healthcare and education for the native Hawaiian population, which was decreasing due to foreign diseases.

Read the proclamation of King Kamehameha IV’s reign in “Death of the King!: Kamehameha IV Proclaimed.”

“Death of the King!: Kamehameha IV Proclaimed.”
Polynesian., December 16, 1854, Page 126, Image 2

Prince Kuhio Died

Today in history — January 7, 1922 — Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole died of heart failure in his Waikiki home. Kuhio served as Hawaii’s second congressional delegate. Read more about it in “Prince Kalanianaole Is Dead.”

“Prince Kalanianaole Is Dead: Beloved Prince of Hawaii and Delegate to
Congress Passes Away at Waikiki Home”
The Garden Island, January 10, 1922, Image 1

Correction: Apologies for the error in today’s post. Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole did serve as Hawaii’s congressional delegate and had Native Hawaiian ancestry. However, Prince Kūhiō’s predecessor and Hawaii’s first congressional delegate, Robert Wilcox, was the first congressional delegate with Native Hawaiian ancestry. Mahalo to Keokani Kipona Marciel for pointing out this error.

Prince David Kawānanakoa and Heiress Abigail Campbell’s Wedding

This week in history — January 6, 1902 — Prince David Kawānanakoa married Abigail Campbell, daughter of industrialist James Campbell. A few months ago, the former playmates reunited to San Francisco, not expecting to marry each other. Kawānanakoa said,

“Miss Campbell had been in this country attending school for many years. I never hoped to consummate the marriage at this time, but it all came out unexpectedly well, and we were married at San Francisco shortly after I arrived.”

Read more about it in “The Kawananakoa Family on the Mainland United States.”

“The Kawananakoa Family on the Mainland United States”

A Cable from California to Hawaii

One of the ships that laid the Pacific cable

Today in history — January 2, 1903 — Hawaii celebrated the completion of the Pacific cable. Now Hawaii and California were linked by a 2,000+ mile undersea telegraph cable laid by the Commercial Pacific Cable Company.

Henry E. Cooper, the secretary of Hawaii, sent greetings to President Roosevelt via the Pacific cable, and he sent greetings to people in Hawaii.

Read about the Pacific cable’s development in the Trans-Pacific Cable topic guide.

Trans-Pacific Cable topic guide