Mark Twain Arrived in Hawaii

This month in history — March 18, 1866 — 31-year-old Mark Twain, then known as Samuel L. Clemens, arrived in Hawaii.

A traveling reporter for a California newspaper, Twain shared with his Californian readers the sights and sounds of the islands: surfing at Waikiki Beach, going up Kilauea Volcano on horseback, and watching Kilauea spew lava and smoke.

Read more about it in “Mark Twain in Hawaii.”

Mark Twain in Hawaii – Historical Feature Article

Christian Missionaries Arrived in Hawaii

Today in history — March 30, 1820 — the first Christian missionaries arrived in Hawaii, landing at Kawaihae and Kailua-Kona, Big Island. To get there, seven missionary couples rode on trains through the United States and sailed through the Pacific Ocean for 164 days.

These missionaries and many more would go beyond converting the Hawaiian people to the Christian faith: They also developed Hawaiian writing, supplanted Hawaiian practices with their Western practices, and made English Hawaii’s dominant language. And their descendants would greatly influence, if not control, the islands’ economy and government and overthrow the Hawaiian Monarchy.

Read more about it in “Christian Missionaries in Hawaii.”

Christian Missionaries in Hawaii – Historical Feature Article

Good Friday

Good Friday in Hawaii in 1916 meant businesses and public offices closed, but schools still operated because Good Friday was not an official holiday. However, students could observe the holiday by not showing up to school.

Today, the State of Hawaii recognizes Good Friday as a holiday.

Read more about Good Friday in 1916 in “Good Friday Is Observed But Not as Holiday.”

“Good Friday Is Observed But Not as Holiday”
Honolulu star-bulletin, April 21, 1916, P. 2

Kuhio’s 41st Birthday

This week in history — March 26, 1871 — Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole celebrated his forty-first birthday in Washington DC.  Hawaii’s Congressional delegate received congratulations from the U.S. Congress. A Connecticut newspaper described him:

… there isn’t a more popular man in Congress than the dusky Hawaiian. A territorial delegate is usually supposed to be more ornamental than useful, but Prince Jonah is both. He’s a handsome man, with a cute little mustache, and a favorite with the ladies. What’s more to the point, he always gets what he is after, and Congress has yet to ‘turn him down’ on any proposition he has advanced.

Read more about “Prince Cupid” in “Hawaii’s Royal Delegate Celebrates 41st Birthday.”

A St. Patrick’s Tea Party

Today in history — St. Patrick’s Day 1922 — teachers in Lihue, Kauai, celebrated the green, Irish holiday by having tea on a Saturday afternoon. They ate tea, cake, and candy from wooden plates, each covered with a pasted shamrock, and used green paper napkins. Read more about it in “Lihue Teachers Entertain at Tea.”

“Lihue Teachers Entertain at Tea” (third column, bottom half)
The Garden Island, March 21, 1922, Page 3

Happy St. Patty’s Day!

Princess Kaiulani Named Successor to the Throne

This month in history — March 9, 1891 — Queen Liliuokalani proclaimed her niece Princess Kaiulani the successor to the Hawaiian throne. Outside, the Hawaiian battery and U.S. warships fired a royal salute. In the streets of Honolulu, heralds shouted in Hawaiian and English that Kaiulani is the heir apparent.

Read more about it in “The Succession: Princess Kaiulani Proclaimed Successor to the Hawaiian Throne.”

“The Succession: Princess Kaiulani Proclaimed Successor to the Hawaiian Throne”
The Daily bulletin, March 9, 1891

Mother’s Day in 1912

Anna Marie Jarvis, the founder of Mother’s Day

This month in history — March 5, 1912 — Hawaii governor Walter F. Frear received a request to celebrate Mother’s Day in Hawaii from Anna Marie Jarvis, the founder of the Mother’s Day movement:

“Every person is asked to wear a white carnation–or his or her mother’s favorite flower–on Mother’s day as a filial honor badge.”

Read more about it in “‘Mother’s Day’ Is Movement Now.”

Happy Mother’s Day!

“‘Mother’s Day’ Is Movement Now”
Hawaiian star, March 6, 1912, P. 6

Princess Kaiulani Died

kaiulani_28pp-96-8-00229Today in history — March 6, 1899 — Princess Victoria Kaiulani, who fought for the independence of Hawaii, died at the age of 23 in her Ainahau home. Read more about it in “The Call of Grim Death.”

“The Call of Grim Death”
Hawaiian gazette, March 14, 1899, Image 1

Chinese Launderers Strike

This week in history — March 2, 1908 — Chinese launderers went on strike:

“The Chinese washmen, … 120, went on strike … and … had shown no intention of returning to the laborous but worthy hanahana of the tub.”

Read more about it in “Pake Washers Go Out on Strike.”

“Pake Washers Go Out on Strike: Patrons May Soon Have to Wash Their Own Linen”
Hawaiian gazette, March 3, 1908, Page 1

Duke Kahanamoku Qualifies for the Olympics

Today in history — March 2, 1912 — Duke Kahanamoku won the American Association’s national swimming championship and, therefore, qualified himself for the Olympics in Stockholm. At the Summer Olympics, the Native Hawaiian would win his first two medals: a gold and a silver.

Read more about Duke’s ticket to the Olympics in “Duke Kahanamoku to Swim for States in Olympic Games.”

“Duke Kahanamoku to Swim for States in Olympic Games”
The Hawaiian star, March 8, 1912, SECOND EDITION, Image 1