Marriage of King Kamehameha IV & Emma Rooke

Queen Emma

This month in history — June 19, 1856: by marrying the king, Emma Rooke became Hawaii’s queen. For this national holiday, flags were hung on government buildings. Hours before, thousands of citizens arrived at the stone church where the ceremony would take place. However, more than half of them were turned away as the church could fit only 3,000 people.

Finally at 11:30 a.m., the crowd saw the twenty-year-old bride walk down the aisle: Emma in a white embroidered silk dress with her father and three bridesmaid (including the future Queen Liliuokalani). Crowned by a flower lei of white roses and orange flowers, the descendant of Hawaiian royalty looked straight at the altar through her bridal veil.

Donning a uniform and a sword, King Alexander LiholihoKing Kamehameha IV–marched with his father–the Royal Governor of Oahu.

King Kamehameha IV

Marking Hawaiian royalty, dozens of attendants followed, bearing twenty kahili–feathered staff.

Read about this royal wedding in “Marriage: Of His Majesty Kamehameha IV.”

“Marriage: Of His Majesty Kamehameha IV”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 2, 1856, Image 2

Queen Kapiolani Died

Today in history — June 24, 1899 — Queen Kapiolani died in her Waikiki home, Pualeilani, at 64 years old.

Three years after her first husband died, Kapiolani married David Kalakaua in 1863. When Kalakaua became the King of Hawaii in 1874, Kapiolani started her reign as the Queen Consort. The reign lasted beyond King Kalakaua’s death and until the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1891.

Queen Kapiolani and her sister-in-law, Crown Princess Liliuokalani, attended Queen Victoria’s fiftieth jubilee celebration in 1887.

One of the last reigning Hawaiian monarchs, Kapiolani refused to speak anything but Hawaiian. While she was able to understand and speak English from her childhood education, Liliuokalani served as her interpreter.

Read more about Kapiolani in “In the Fullness of Years: Death of Queen Dowager Kapiolani.”

“In the Fullness of Years: Death of Queen Dowager Kapiolani”
Austin’s Hawaiian weekly, July 1, 1899, Page 3

“Queen Dowager Kapiolani Passes Away: Death Came at 8:45 This Morning—Peaceful Ending of a Well Rounded Life”
Evening bulletin, June 24, 1899, Image 1

Eating beached dolphin at Waikane, 1863. — nupepa

[Found under: “NA MEA HOU O HAWAII NEI.”] Beached Fish.—We received a letter from “S. E. K. Hulililuaikeanuwaiokanahele” of Waikane, Koolaupoko, informing us of the beaching of a large Dolphin [Naia] at that place, on the 20th of this month. Its length was six feet, and its circumference was 12 feet; its flesh was eaten […]

via Eating beached dolphin at Waikane, 1863. — nupepa

Hawaiian Delegation to Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee

Today in history — June 22, 1897 — Hawaii’s Provisional Government sent a delegation to Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee. Four years after the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, Maj. Curtis Piʻehu ʻIaukea would wear his Jubilee Medal from Queen Victoria’s jubilee in 1887. Read more about it in “Off for London: Hawaiian Delegation to Queen’s Jubilee.”

“Off for London: Hawaiian Delegation to Queen’s Jubilee”
Pacific commercial advertiser, May 3, 1897, Image 1

Hawaii’s First Wireless Telegraph Messages

Today in history — June 16, 1900 — the first wireless telegraph messages were made in Hawaii:

“… for two hours, messages were sent flying through space from [Iolani Palace] to the … Inter-island Telegraph Company at Kaimuki.”

Hawaii’s first wireless telegraphs recently arrived from England via the Australia, a ship. After a few weeks, wireless telegraphy could transmit messages between these islands: Oahu, Big Island, Maui, Lanai, and Molokai.

Read more about it in “On Wings of the Air.”

“On Wings of the Air: Wireless Telegraphy in Hawaii a Fact”
Pacific commercial advertiser, June 18, 1900, Image 1

Becoming the Territory of Hawaii

Today in history — June 14, 1900 — The Republic of Hawaii became the Territory of Hawaii. The president of the Republic of Hawaii, Sanford B. Dole just became the first territorial governor of Hawaii under the United States.

At the ceremony, at least 2,500 people gathered around Iolani Palace, which was bedecked by American flags over Hawaiian flags, and special guests sat on the two-story palace’s balconies. Reportedly, the audience included members of all ethnic groups and “[as many Native Hawaiians] as Haoles.”

During the ceremony, Rev. Enoka Semaia Timoteo delivered a Hawaiian prayer, Dole swore to the oath of office and signed it, and delivered his inaugural speech, and an excerpt is as follows:

“The United States–always the protector of Hawaii–has approached the question of annexation in the most considerate manner. With great deliberation has our request been acceded to and finally consummated with a regard for our … interests that we can never forget.”

After his speech, The Royal Hawaiian Band performed the Star Spangled Banner, the U.S. national anthem, and soldiers marched away.

Read more about it in “Hawaii Joins the Sisterhood of States and Territories Amid a Blaze.”

“Hawaii Joins the Sisterhood of States and Territories Amid a Blaze”
Hawaiian gazette, June 15, 1900, Image 1

Happy Kamehameha Day!

King Kamehameha I statue in downtown Honolulu

Today in history — Kamehameha Day 1916 — thousands of spectators–including Queen Liliuokalani–watched a ceremony honoring King Kamehameha I at his statue:

“Great kahilis reared their plumed heads above the throngs of marches, while huge leis of Hawaii’s most exquisite flowers were flung at the base of the statue.”

Read more about it in “Great Crowd Surrounds Statue to Witness Striking Ceremony.”

“Great Crowd Surrounds Statue to Witness Striking Ceremony”
Honolulu star-bulletin, June 12, 1916, Page 3

Queen Kaahumanu’s Manoa Cottage

Today in history — June 5, 1832 — Queen Kaahumanu died. Towards the end of her life, the queen regent returned to her green traditional Hawaiian cottage in the cool, misty valley of Manoa Valley.

After her death, the cottage fell into disrepair:

“One abode of Hawaiian royalty which is fast disappearing from … view … in the in the overwhelming sweep of wild nature … What was once a stately, spacious grass house, erected on solid foundations and rearing itself with intertwisted thatches of palm strips, is now a ruin of which only some of the foundation stones are to be seen.”

Read more about Kaahumanu’s former Manoa home in “Where Kamehameha’s Queen Lived.”

“Where Kamehameha’s Queen Lived”
Pacific commercial advertiser, April 10, 1904, Page 7

Prince David Kawananakoa Died

Today in history — June 2, 1908 — Prince David Kawananakoa passed away in Hotel Stewart, San Francisco. Kawananakoa was the heir presumptive of the Hawaiian Kingdom’s throne. For the past ten days, he suffered from a serious case of pneumonia.

In Honolulu, Kawananakoa’s body rested in State in the throne room of Iolani Palace, and thousands paid their respects.

Read his obituary in “Death of Prince David Kawananakoa Yesterday.”

“Death of Prince David Kawananakoa Yesterday”
The Hawaiian gazette, June 5, 1908, Page 2