Punahou School — The First Sixty Years

Today in history — July 11, 1842 — Oahu College, known as Punahou school today, held its first class. Fifteen students, missionary children, learned in a little building covered by a thatch roof. Read about Punahou School’s first sixty years in “History of Oahu College as Told by Different Men.”

“History of Oahu College as Told by Different Men”
The Honolulu republican., October 20, 1901, Page FIVE, Image 5
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047165/1901-10-20/ed-1/seq-5/


Civil Beat Featured Chronicling America in Reporting HECo’s History

Iolani Palace lit up

Honolulu Civil Beat used Chronicling America to illustrate Hawaiian Electric Co.’s history in a special report “How One Company Turned ‘Darkness Into Day:'”

On a long-ago summer night, thousands of people gathered on the grounds of Iolani Palace for what might be described as an illuminating tea party with David Kalakaua, Hawaii’s last ruling king.

There was tea, coffee, ice cream, Hawaiian music, dance and high society in fine evening wear. But the real draw on the evening of July 21, 1886, was the simple spectacle of electric light that few locals had ever seen.

The 49-year-old king, who was fascinated by the potential of electricity, was something of an early adopter who had promised to bring electric light to Hawaii. Even the White House wouldn’t have electric lights for years after Iolani Palace, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, was electrified.

In 1881, during a trip around the world, Kalakaua had dropped in on Thomas Edison’s “invention factory,” a laboratory in New Jersey, to see if he could find a way to brighten Hawaii’s future. It was less than two years after the inventor had come up with the incandescent light bulb.

As night fell on that July evening in 1886, a small steam engine located in the Honolulu Iron Works on Merchant Street successfully powered up cables that led to five lamps outside the palace. During the course of the night, the light around Palace Square drew a gawking crowd that the Honolulu Daily Bulletin put at more than 5,000. That amounted to one in every six people on the island.

It was, according to another news report in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, a “soft but brilliant light which turned darkness into day.”

Soon, the newspaper said, the Royal Hawaiian military band began playing, soldiers marched on the grounds and a tea party for children got underway, hosted by Princess Liliuokalani and Princess Likelike.

“The Palace was brightly illuminated, and the large crowd moving among the trees and tents made a pretty picture.”

A nonprofit online news source, Civil Beat is currently publishing “Electric Dreams,” a special report series:

For the past 125 years, Hawaiian Electric Co. has helped shape Hawaii’s development, its politics and its culture. We explore its past to see what we can learn about its future.

Civil Beat Article: How One Company Turned ‘Darkness Into Day’
http://www.civilbeat.org/2016/07/how-one-company-turned-darkness-into-day/

Hawaii’s First Electric Lights
https://hdnpblog.wordpress.com/…/hawaiis-first-electric-li…/

Electric Light (second column from left, bottom)
The Daily bulletin, July 22, 1886, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/…/…/1886-07-22/ed-1/seq-3/

Kalakaua Visits Edison: The King in Search of a Means to Light Up Honolulu (column on the extreme right)
The sun, September 26, 1881, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1881-09-26/ed-1/seq-1/

Points in Hawaiian History (second column from left, middle)
The Daily bulletin, September 30, 1887, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1887-09-30/ed-1/seq-3/

Honolulu Electric Works: Starting of the Machinery (third column from left, top)
The Daily bulletin, March 21, 1888, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1888-03-21/ed-1/seq-3/


On patriotism, 1894. — nupepa

THE ARRANT COWARDS. It is refreshing to hear the supporters of the revolutionary Americans accuse the loyal citizens of Hawaii of cowardice. The attitude on the 17th of January of the men, who boast of their patriotism and heroism, was not a proof of the qualities now claimed by them. The p. gs. remind us […]

Hawaii holomua, July 2, 1894, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047059/1894-07-02/ed-1/seq-2/

via On patriotism, 1894. — nupepa


Hawaiian language not economical, 1939. — nupepa

Unfair to Hawaiians Territorial Secretary Charles M. Hite wants to have a bill put through the legislature eliminating the publication of the session laws in the Hawaiian language, claiming this is an “economy” measure. Mr. Hite seems to be starting his so-called economy program in the wrong place. He probably doesn’t realize that there are […]

via Hawaiian language not economical, 1939. — nupepa


A New Age in Hawaii Journalism: The Pacific Commercial Advertiser

Today in history — July 2, 1856 — marks the birth of the future Honolulu Advertiser: The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. The first issue reported the wedding of King Kamehameha IV and Emma Rooke.

Editor Henry Martyn Whitney, son of a missionary, founded the English-language newspaper as an “American newspaper” and alternative to the monarchy-run Polynesian. In the first issue, he said,

“Thank heaven, the day at length has dawned when the Hawaiian Nation can boast a free press, untrammelled by government patronage or party pledges, unbiased by ministerial frowns or favors–a press whose aim shall be the advancement of the nation in its commercial, political and social condition.”

During the whale industry’s peak, whalemen read the PCA when they sailed to Hawaii for rest and provisions.

As a former newsman at the New-York Commercial Advertiser, Whitney used that as a model to develop the PCA. Whitney was the first in Honolulu to meet ships off port in a boat to pick up foreign newspapers, as was often done in New York.

Read about the beginning of the PCA and the Honolulu Advertiser in “The Pacific Commercial Advertiser” and the PCA’s history.

“The Pacific Commercial Advertiser”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 2, 1856, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1856-07-02/ed-1/seq-2/

History of The Pacific Commercial Advertiser
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/