Princess Kaiulani’s Birthday

Today in history — October 16, 1895 — Princess Victoria Ka’iulani celebrated her twentieth birthday in England, where she was studying abroad, surrounded by her friends and her father Archibald Scott Cleghorn. The Independent proclaimed,

For several years the alii has been absent from her native country, but although out of sight, she has never been out of the minds of her countrymen, and the many foreign residents in Hawaii nei, whose loyalty cannot be extinguished by ill-treatment, starvation, and threats from the interlopers who have turned her country topsy turvy.

Read more about Kaiulani’s birthday in “1875-1895.”

The Independent, October 16, 1895, Image 2


Lawsuit for Second-Class Cruise with Asians

Want to cruise with second-class denizens called Asian people? In 1900, 142 Caucasian ship passengers sued for $20,000 because they paid for first-class accommodations, but instead got second-class with the “Asiatics.”

Their lawyer Mr. Reardon attested their horror:

These … American citizens … nearly all [of them were] residents of this State, were treated worse than cattle while on the Rio de Janeiro …

Those Caucasian passengers boarded at Nagasaki, Japan, en route from Hong Kong to the United States–Hawaii and the U.S. West Coast.

… the men discovered that they had been assigned to the Asiatic steerage and were herded in with Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos and other denizens of the unsavory quarter. …

The Chinese and Japanese are not noted for their observation of sanitation and the condition of the Americans who were forced for a long ocean voyage to heard with the Asiatics became pitiful. Some of the men were made very ill from the fumes of … the opium smokers and the foul air of the close quarters; and not a man escaped severe attacks of dysentery, caused by the polluted drinking water, while three of them contracted typhoid fever.”

Read more about it in “Forced to Stay in the Steerage.”

“Forced to Stay in the Steerage: White Passengers Herded with Asiatics on the Rio de Janeiro”
Independent, Dec. 26, 1900, Image 2

Princess Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani Passed Away

This week in history — October 2, 1895 — Princess Virginia Kapooloku Poomaikelani passed away at age 56. A younger sister of Queen Kapiolani, Princess Poomaikelani served as one of Queen Emma’s trusted ladies-in-waiting for years and Governor of the island of Hawaii from 1884 to 1886. Read about her funeral in “Laid to Rest.”

“Laid to Rest”
The Hawaiian gazette, October 4, 1895, Page 8

Hawaii’s First Portuguese Group

Today in history — September 30, 1878 — The first large group of Portuguese arrived in Hawaii. They came from the Madeira Islands and sailed for 116 days. They imported their culture: malasada, ukulele, and Portuguese sweet bread became a part of Hawaii’s culture.  The Pacific Commercial Advertiser described the immigrants:

They are a cleanly looking, well-behaved set, with the old fashioned polite manners of the Portuguese and Spanish races. The more we have of this sort of immigration the better. They are, as a race … temperate, painstaking, thrifty and law abiding people. They come here to stay, and they do not send their earnings out of the country, as do some other nationalities.

Read more about them in “Arrival of the Portuguese Immigrants.”

“Arrival of the Portuguese Immigrants”
The Pacific commercial advertiser, October 05, 1878, Image 2

Marriage of Liliuokalani & John Dominis

Second couple from left: Lydia Paki, future Queen Liliuokalani, and John O. Dominis

Today in history — September 16, 1862 — Miss Lydia K. Paki, the future Queen Liliuokalani, married John O. Dominis:

Married — Dominis–Paki — In Honolulu, Tuesday evening, Sept. 16, at the residence of Chas. R. Bishop, Esq., by Rev. S. C. Damon, John O. Dominis, Esq., to Miss Lydia K. Paki.

Liliuokalani’s wedding
Pacific commercial advertiser, September 18, 1862, Image 2

A Kahili

A feathered standard, a kahili marked Hawaiian royalty.

In 1902, Jas. W. L. McGuire bought a kahili handle from a Hawaiian woman from Maui. The kahili was made of whale bone. The woman claimed that she found it in a cave, and that the kahili handle might be over two to three centuries old.

Read more about the kahili in “Double Kahili Handle.”

“Double Kahili Handle”
The Independent, February 14, 1902, Image 2

Hawaii’s First Dog Show

Today in history — September 6, 1906 — 105 dogs competed in Hawaii’s first dog show.  “The town is certainly going to the dogs,” said The Hawaiian Gazette.

“Almost every breed of dog, preserved for use or ornament,” were seen trotting at the dog show at the skating rink on Queen’s Street and ranged from toy dogs, including the only Blenheim spaniel in Hawaii, to guard dogs, including the Great Dane. However, no native poi dogs were seen–virtually all of the dog owners there were Haole (Caucasian) with European and Asian dogs, such as collies, fox-terriers, and the Japanese Spaniel.

The most interesting category–“Best dog or bitch owned by a lady”–reflected the less-negative connotation of the term “bitch” (female dog) back then.

Read more about Hawaii’s first dog show in “Dog Show’s Bright Opening.”

“Dog Show’s Bright Opening”
Hawaiian gazette, September 7, 1906, Page 5