From the Hawai’i Digital Newspaper Project at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa Library
NEH has announced that two new partners are joining the National Digital Newspaper Program this year. Awards were made to the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and the South Dakota Department of Tourism and State Development to digitize newspapers from Nevada and South Dakota. The number of participants in the program is now 39, including 37 states, one territory, and the District of Columbia. Hawaii joined the NDNP in 2009. NEH and the Library of Congress aim to have every state and U.S. territory represented in Chronicling America. http://www.neh.gov/divisions/preservation/grant-news/nevada-and-south-dakota-join-the-national-digital-newspaper-progra
Today in history — July 2, 1856 — The Pacific Commercial Advertiser — later known as The Honolulu Advertiser — debuted on the streets of Honolulu. The first issue reported the marriage of King Kamehameha IV and Emma Rooke.
Read more about it in the very first issue!
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 2, 1856
The Pacific Commercial Advertiser was an Establishment newspaper in English and Hawaiian Honolulu, weekly, semiweekly, then daily except Sun,
2 Jul 1856–3o Mar 1921.
According to Helen Chapin, the PCA is the 2nd oldest continuously published newspaper in Hawai‘i. (The Friend began in 1843.)
Founding editor Whitney observed correctly that it is a paper “destined to exert more than an ephemeral influence on . . . our community and nation.” Original publication coincided in 1856 with the U.S. 4th of July observance. Except for 1880–1887, when Walter Murray Gibson ran it and supported King Kaläkaua and his policies, the PCA was editorially and in its news columns pro-American and pro-annexation. Whitney also began the Daily Bulletin, ancestor of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Other title: Daily Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
Included in Hoku Loa O Hawaii (Morning Star), which became a separate publication in 1856, and Nupepa Kuokoa (Independent Press), (1861–1927). Pubs 19th c: Henry M. Whitney, James Black, James Auld, Henry L. Sheldon, Walter Murray Gibson, W. G. Irwin & Co, Hawaiian Gazette Co, Lorrin A. Thurston; 2oth c: Lorrin A. Thurston, Advertiser Publishing Co, Thurston Twigg-Smith family, Gannett Co, Inc. Eds: 19th c: Henry M. Whitney, W. L. Green, H.A.P. Carter, H. L. Sheldon,Walter Murray Gibson, Joseph. S. Webb, Robert J. Creighton, Wray Taylor, Henry Northrup Castle, Arthur Johnstone, Wallace Rider Farrington, W. N. Armstrong, Walter Gifford Smith; 2oth c: Walter Gifford Smith, Roderick O. Matheson, Edward P. Irwin, Sam Trissel. Cont by Honolulu Advertiser, The (1921- )
Union List: AH mf, HSL mf, UHM mf General circulation.
Portuguese-American Digital Archives Presentation: Historic Portuguese Language Newspapers from Hawai’iPosted: May 1, 2014
HISTORICAL PORTUGUESE NEWSPAPERS OF HAWAI’I DIGITIZED
Monday, May 5th from 5:00-6:30 PM in Moore Hall 103.
Sonia Pacheco, an archivist with the Ferreira-Mendes Portuguese American archives, will be at the University of Hawaii at Manoa on May 5th to give a presentation on how to use the digitized versions of historic Portuguese language newspapers from Hawai‘i (1885-1924) for genealogical or other types of research. Her presentation at UH will be on Monday, May 5th from 5:00-6:30 PM in Moore Hall 103. NOTE there are other locations below:
We had a great time, and thank all faculty, staff and librarians, who attended!
On Saturday April 19th we were invited to be a participant at the Hawaii Library Association Show and Tell.
Thank you HLA!
Pictured here from left to right: Our Helper Danielle Todd ( UH Graduate Library Student), Jennifer Beamer (HDNP Program Manager), Rae-Anne Montague (UH Assistant Professor and School Library Media Program Coordinator, and Tim Arnold (HLA President and HPU Head of Reference Services)
The Pacific Commercial Advertiser
The Pacific Commercial Advertiser (PCA) debuted in Honolulu on July 2, 1856, when Hawaiʻi was in the throes of westernization and the resulting decline of the Native Hawaiian culture and population. Owner and editor Henry Martyn Whitney called the PCA an “opposition paper,” because “The whalemen wanted an American newspaper and the white residents wanted one that was not run ‘by authority'” (referring to the Hawaiian government-sponsored Polynesian, according to Whitney’s obituary. He based the PCA upon the New-York Commercial Advertiser, where he had been employed. Whitneywas the first newspaperman in Honolulu to meet ships off port in a boat to pick up foreign newspapers, as was often done in New York. Initially the Pacific Commercial Advertiser was published every Thursday. In 1882 a daily (except Sunday) edition was also published. In May 1888 the weekly edition ceased.
The PCA provided local political and legislative news and news of the neighbor islands, in addition to international news. Although the target audience was English-speaking, in the newspaper’s first two and one-half months, a Hawaiian-language section titled “Ka Hoku Loa o Hawaii” (The Morning Star of Hawaii) filled the PCA’s last page.
As an English-language newspaper serving the minority Caucasian community in Hawaiʻi, the PCA supported the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, noting that it was “natural, logical and as common in the world’s history as it is natural and common to throw away a ragged coat” and was “a step forward.” The PCA faulted Native Hawaiians for the overthrow and criticized King Kaläkaua’s monarchy for “[committing] suicide.” Encouraging American annexation, a January 14, 1898 PCA editorial stated, “To expect the natives, with their Polynesian antecedents, their ignorance of the science of government, and their natural child-like love for their old environments, their love for the old native Monarch, to submit without some sort of protest to the new order of things, is to expect them to rise higher in the scale of reasoning beings than any white man on these islands has yet risen.”
Whitney had sold the PCA to James H. Black and William Auld on September 1, 1870. When Auld retired on June 1, 1875, Black became the sole owner. Thereafter the PCA experienced many ownership changes; owners included Henry L. Sheldon in 1876, Walter Murray Gibson on September 1, 1880, the Hawaiian Gazette Company (publisher of the newspaper Hawaiian Gazette) in 1888, and Lorrin Andrews Thurston in 1898. On March 31, 1921 Thurston renamed the Pacific Commercial Advertiser the Honolulu Advertiser, which eventually became known as one of the oldest newspapers published west of the Rockies.
The Honolulu Advertiser competed fiercely with the Honolulu Star-Bulletin for the next 60 years, eventually dominating the local newspaper market in the 1980s. Black Press, owner of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin, purchased the Honolulu Advertiser on February 25, 2010. The two newspapers were merged on June 6, 2010, to become the Honolulu Star-Advertiser, thus turning Honolulu into a one-newspaper town.
Provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI