Princess Kaiulani’s Funeral

Today in history — March 12, 1899 — thousands of people visited Princess Kaiulani’s body in Kawaiahao Church to see her one last time. After the funeral service, a procession went from King Street to the Mausoleum, and 25,000 people watched the hearse surrounded by carriages pass by. Military men, clergies, pall bearers, kahili bearers, and torch bearers followed. In the Royal Mausoleum, Princess Kaiulani was laid to rest with her mother Princess Likelike.

Read more about it in “Princess Kaiulani Is Laid to Rest.”

“Princess Kaiulani Is Laid to Rest”
The Hawaiian star, March 13, 1899, Image 1


Prince Albert Kunuiakea Died

Today in history — March 10, 1903 — Kamehameha III’s son, Prince Albert Kunuiakea, died in a house. His body was interred at the Royal Mausoleum in Nuuanu with the Kamehameha family. Considered the heir presumptive, Kunuiakea served in the House of Representatives of Hawaii during the Provisional Government’s rule. Read more about it in “Prince Kunuiakea Joins the Majority.”

“Prince Kunuiakea Joins the Majority: Last of the Kamehameha Heirs to Hawaii’s Throne Will Be Buried Sunday in the Royal Mausoleum in Nuuanu”
The Hawaiian gazette, March 13, 1903, Page 2

Princess Kaiulani’s Death

Today in history — March 6, 1899 — Princess Kaiulani died at age 23 in her Ainahau home. Sadness enclosed Hawaii. Many spoke of Kaiulani as gentle, generous, gracious, and unassuming. A stream of carriages visited her home, and family and friends mourned with her father Archibald Scott Cleghorn and brought flowers. Government building flags flew half-mast. Read more about it in “Day of Sorrow.”

“Day of Sorrow: All Grieved to Learn of Kaiulani’s Death”
Pacific commercial advertiser, March 7, 1899, Image 1


King William Charles Lunalilo’s Death

Today in history — February 3, 1874 — King William Charles Lunalilo died in his bedchamber, surrounded by the royal family. After his death, wailings were heard across Hawaii. The next night, hundreds of people gathered at Lunalilo’s home. Read more about it in “Death of the King.”

“The Death of the King”
Pacific commercial advertiser, February 7, 1874, Image 2


King Kalakaua’s Death

Today in history — January 21, 1891 — King Kalakaua died at the Palace Hotel, San Francisco.

In December 1890, King Kalakaua took his last trip to San Francisco, never to see home again. A doctor recommended the ill king to seek medical treatment in San Francisco, California. Unfortunately, Kalakaua’s health worsened, and he died of Bright’s disease.

Read about the Hawaiian Kingdom’s bereavement in “King Kalakaua Dead.”

“King Kalakaua Dead”
Hawaiian gazette, February 3, 1891, Image 1


The Genesis of the Honolulu Fire Department

This week in history–December 27, 1850–King Kamehameha III established the Honolulu Fire Department. Famous firefighters would include modern baseball inventor Alexander Cartwright and King David Kalakaua.

Read more about it in “The Genesis of a Fire Department.”

The Genesis of a Fire Department
Pacific commercial advertiser, November 28, 1909, Image 9


Hawaiian Islands for Sale?

This month in history — December 1854 — King Kamehameha III was rumored to offer to sell the Hawaiian islands to the United States. The price: a pension of $300,000 (about $7.5 million today) per year. The Grand River Times from Michigan’s newspaper commented,

That these islands will eventually be incorporated into our Union is beyond a question, but not on such exorbitant and indefinite terms.–There is a possibility, if not a probability, that the heir ‘apparent’ may live fifty years, and it is scarcely to be supposed that our Government would lay itself liable to give him twelve times the salary of the President during this period.

Read more about this rumor in “Purchase of the Sandwich Islands.”

“Purchase of the Sandwich Islands”
Grand River times, December 20, 1854, Image 1