Queen Liliuokalani on the Day Her Country Lost Independence

Today in history — “On the morning of August 12, 1898, troops from the warship USS Philadelphia marched ashore for the ceremony at Iolani Palace formally recognizing the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands by the United States. lowering the Hawaiian flag in 1898.

“On the morning of August 12, 1898, a ceremony at Iolani Palace marked the U.S. annexation of Hawaii. The Royal Hawaiian Band played Hawaii Ponoi as the Hawaiian flag went down and The Star-Spangled Banner as the American flag went up.”

What was Queen Liliuokalani doing? She stayed in her home, Washington Place, with family members and loyalists:

Alice Rix: “I thought perhaps you would go away—into the country.”

Queen Lili’uokalani: “Why? I came here to be near my people—to show them how to meet this. It has come upon us together—you understand? Together. I am not alone. My people lose their country; they lose their identity. Should I run away and shut my eyes and my ears when so many of them had to remain here in their homes? My home is also here, in Honolulu [Washington Place]. It gives us all courage to think of others. I remembered my people this day and they remembered me. We bore our trouble together. I did not leave my house….”

Read more about it in “How the Ex-queen Passed the Twelfth of August.”

“How the Ex-queen Passed the Twelfth of August.”
The San Francisco call, August 28, 1898, Image 17
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1898-08-28/ed-1/seq-17/

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Charles Reed Bishop Died

Today in history — June 7, 1915 — Charles Reed Bishop died in San Francisco.

Hailing from Glens Falls, New York, Bishop was a businessman, philanthropist, and husband of Bernice Pauahi Bishop and founded the Bishop Museum, which was dedicated to her. Read about his funeral in “Funeral of Late Charles Reed Bishop Attended by Royalty and High Officials.”

“Funeral of Late Charles Reed Bishop Attended by Royalty and High Officials”
Hawaiian gazette, June 25, 1915, Page 8
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1915-06-25/ed-1/seq-8/


Queen Liliuokalani’s Mother-in-law Dies

This month in history — April 25, 1889 — Queen Liliuokalani’s mother-in-law, Mary Lambert Jones Dominis, died. She had a close relationship with her son, Prince Consort John Owen Dominis. Mrs. Dominis reportedly denigrated her non-Caucasian daughter-in-law, but, in her last years, appreciated Liliuokalani as a respectful wife to her son.

Read more about the owner of Washington Place (right image) in “Death of Mrs. Dominis.”

“Death of Mrs. Dominis: The Aged Mother of Ex-Governor Dominis Passes Away–Tokens of Respect”
Pacific commercial advertiser, April 26, 1889, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047084/1889-04-26/ed-1/seq-3/


Princess Kaiulani’s Funeral

Today in history — March 12, 1899 — thousands of people visited Princess Kaiulani’s body in Kawaiahao Church to see her one last time. After the funeral service, a procession went from King Street to the Mausoleum, and 25,000 people watched the hearse surrounded by carriages pass by. Military men, clergies, pall bearers, kahili bearers, and torch bearers followed. In the Royal Mausoleum, Princess Kaiulani was laid to rest with her mother Princess Likelike.

Read more about it in “Princess Kaiulani Is Laid to Rest.”

“Princess Kaiulani Is Laid to Rest”
The Hawaiian star, March 13, 1899, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015415/1899-03-13/ed-1/seq-1/


Prince Albert Kunuiakea Died

Today in history — March 10, 1903 — Kamehameha III’s son, Prince Albert Kunuiakea, died in a house. His body was interred at the Royal Mausoleum in Nuuanu with the Kamehameha family. Considered the heir presumptive, Kunuiakea served in the House of Representatives of Hawaii during the Provisional Government’s rule. Read more about it in “Prince Kunuiakea Joins the Majority.”

“Prince Kunuiakea Joins the Majority: Last of the Kamehameha Heirs to Hawaii’s Throne Will Be Buried Sunday in the Royal Mausoleum in Nuuanu”
The Hawaiian gazette, March 13, 1903, Page 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1903-03-13/ed-1/seq-2/


Princess Kaiulani’s Death

Today in history — March 6, 1899 — Princess Kaiulani died at age 23 in her Ainahau home. Sadness enclosed Hawaii. Many spoke of Kaiulani as gentle, generous, gracious, and unassuming. A stream of carriages visited her home, and family and friends mourned with her father Archibald Scott Cleghorn and brought flowers. Government building flags flew half-mast. Read more about it in “Day of Sorrow.”

“Day of Sorrow: All Grieved to Learn of Kaiulani’s Death”
Pacific commercial advertiser, March 7, 1899, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047084/1899-03-07/ed-1/seq-1/


King William Charles Lunalilo’s Death

Today in history — February 3, 1874 — King William Charles Lunalilo died in his bedchamber, surrounded by the royal family. After his death, wailings were heard across Hawaii. The next night, hundreds of people gathered at Lunalilo’s home. Read more about it in “Death of the King.”

“The Death of the King”
Pacific commercial advertiser, February 7, 1874, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1874-02-07/ed-1/seq-2/