Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani Died

Today in history — May 24, 1883 — Princess Ruth Luka Keanolani Kauanahoahoa Keʻelikōlani died at age 56. Born in 1826, Keʻelikōlani (“leaf bud of heaven”) served as Royal Governor of the Island of Hawaii. Throughout her life, Keʻelikōlani defended the Hawaiian culture.

As a grandchild of Kamehameha I, Keʻelikōlani served as the primary heir to the Kamehameha family. Thus, When she died, Keʻelikōlani was the richest woman in Hawaii and owned almost nine percent of the land in Hawaii.

Through Keʻelikōlani’s will, Princess Bernice Pauahi Bernice Bishop inherited 353,000 acres of Kamehameha Lands and became the largest private landowner in Hawaii. After Pauahi died, her husband Charles Reed Bishop executed her will and used her land to create the Bishop Museum, the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate and Kamehameha Schools.

Read more about it in “Death of Her Highness Princess Ruth Keelikolani.”

“Death of Her Highness Princess Ruth Keelikolani”
The Daily bulletin, May 28, 1883, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1883-05-28/ed-1/seq-2/


Earthy Poems for an Earthly Day

Love the earth through poetry!

The Tree Planter

He who plants a tree,
He plants love;
Tents of coolness spreading out
Above.

Heaven and earth help him
who plants a tree.
And his work its own reward shall be.

Cultivate your earthly love with more wooden poetry: “Who Plants a Tree.”

“Who Plants a Tree”
The Jasper news, April 28, 1921, Image 9
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061052/1921-04-28/ed-1/seq-9/


Pau Hana for Hawaii’s Sugar King

This week in history  — December 26, 1908 — Hawaii’s “sugar king,” Claus Spreckels, died after a brief illness. As one of the ten richest Americans, Spreckels dominated the sugar industries on the U.S. West Coast and in Hawaii from mid-1800s until his death. In Hawaii, he owned a plantation town, Spreckelsville, Maui; and incorporated Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company (HC&S).

Today, the name “Matson” is synonymous with Hawaii’s shipping industry–a lifeline for the world’s most isolated population center. In its early years, Spreckels financed William Matson’s ships for his new shipping company.

Spreckels gave loans and bribes to King Kalakaua and cabinet members. In return, Spreckels got land and water rights. The water rights for the Northeast Maui streams included complete ownership and control over the water. He irrigated the water to Spreckelsville plantation.

Read more about the “sugar king” in “Hardy Pioneer and Benefactor of State Died.”

“Hardy Pioneer and Benefactor of State Died”
The San Francisco call, Dec. 27, 1908, Page 18
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1908-12-27/ed-1/seq-18/


Emperor Meiji’s Birthday

Today in history — November 4, 1910 — The Japanese in Hawaii celebrated Japanese Emperor Meiji’s birthday. Japanese people dressed in brand new, bright kimonos. Japanese flags were seen on thousands of Japanese houses. In the evening, Consul General Uyeno hosted a reception. Read more about it in “Japanese and Honolulu Friends Celebrate the Birthday of the Emperor.”

“Japanese and Honolulu Friends Celebrate the Birthday of the Emperor”
Hawaiian gazette, November 4, 1910, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1910-11-04/ed-1/seq-1/


Deep-sea Creatures by Mauna Loa Volcano

The deep sea adjacent to Mauna Loa Volcano contained deep-sea creatures such as the goblin shark and angler fish.

In 1922, the lava from Mauna Loa crawled into the ocean and killed deep-sea fish. Their cooked carcasses floated on the surface and washed up on shore, puzzling local fishermen and scientists.

Read more about it in “Monsters from Ocean Depths Unknown to Science.”

“Monsters from Ocean Depths Unknown to Science”
The Washington times, April 2, 1922, Image 51
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1922-04-02/ed-1/seq-51/


Making Poi with Breadfruit

When Native Hawaiians didn’t have taro to make poi, they used breadfruit. Maui Hawaiians did that during a taro shortage due to diseases that infected taro crop. Read more about it in “Use Bread Fruit Poi.”

“Use Bread Fruit Poi: Maui Natives Are Short of Taro”
Hawaiian gazette, January 2, 1903, Page 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1903-01-02/ed-1/seq-3/


Queen Liliuokalani Cancelled Her Birthday Luau

Hau’oli lā hānau, happy birthday Queen Liliuokalani! On her sixty-four birthday in 1910, Liliuokalani cancelled her birthday luau because Prince David Kawananakoa did not RSVP, and she did not know why. Read more about it in “Luau Abandoned.”

Luau Abandoned
Honolulu times, October 1, 1910, Page 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047211/1910-10-01/ed-1/seq-3/