Badminton

Badminton is the world’s fastest racket sport; shuttlecocks travel up to 200 miles per hour. Invented by British military officers in India in the mid-1800s, badminton soon spread to the rest of the world.

Though badminton clubs sprouted up in the United States in the late 19th century, the sport never really took off on the competitive level in America, as it was overshadowed by the more popular racket sport, tennis.

Read more about Badminton’s history in “Badminton.”

Badminton
http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/badminton.html


Roller Coasters

With breathtaking drops and “spine curling” thrills, early roller coasters delighted daring Americans. As more people experienced the adventure and as the mechanics improved, roller coasters became essential rides, and amusement parks competed to provide the biggest and most intricate rides. Read more about the thrill ride in “Roller Coasters.”

Roller Coasters
http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/coasters.html


Newsies: Newsboys and Newsgirls

Newsboy“Extra, extra!!” In the 19th and 20th centuries, newspaper boys and girls (“newsies”) sold newspapers on city streets. Newsies needed to sell all their papers to turn a profit.

In 1899, a jump in newspaper prices prompted New York City newsies to strike against big-name publishers like Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. Read more about it in “Newsies.”

Newsies
http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/newsboys.html


Chronicling America Will Expand to 1690-1963 Newspapers

Chronicling America will expand its date scope from 1836-1922 to 1690-1963, and newspaper pages with these dates will be included.

Chronicling America will not offer Hawaii newspaper pages before 1836 or after 1963 in the near future, but eventually may do so contingent on funding (donations can be made here).

The University of Hawaii at Manoa Library offers additional Hawaii newspaper titles online at eVols and ScholarSpace, UH Manoa’s institutional repositories. Hawaii newspaper categories include community/alternative, Filipino-language, Portuguese-language, and English-language (mirroring the Chronicling America collection). Titles include Roach, Ka Leo O Hawaii, and Hawaii Mainichi.

Anything published before 1923 is in the public domain. From 1923 to 1963, materials fell into the public domain if their publishers did not renew their copyrights.

Chronicling America is produced by the National Digital Newspaper Program, a partnership between National Endowment for the Humanities, the Library of Congress, thirty-nine state partners, and one territorial partner.  Over 11 million newspaper pages are freely available to the public.

For more information, read “Expanding Our Current Scope.”

Expanding Our Current Scope
http://www.neh.gov/news/expanding-our-current-scope-ndnp


U.S. President Zachary Taylor Died

This month in history–July 9, 1850–U.S. President Zachary Taylor died of a stomach-related illness. The Southern Press (Washington, DC) described the former major general: “His splendid military achievements won the admiration of his countrymen,– his simplicity of character a large measure of their confidence.”

Read more about the twelfth U.S. President in “Death of President Taylor.”

“Death of President Taylor”
The Southern press, July 10, 1850, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014764/1850-07-10/ed-1/seq-2/


President Lincoln’s Assassination

This month in history — April 15, 1865 — President Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth during a special performance at Ford’s Theater.

A nine-car funeral train carried the body of the President to Springfield, Illinois, where he was buried on May 4th.

Many of the co-conspirators were captured, including those who plotted it. John Wilkes Booth was shot after being traced to a farm in Bowling Green, VA on April 24th. A U.S. army commission tried the rest and convicted them.

Read more about it in “Lincoln Assassination.”

“Lincoln Assassination”
http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/lincoln.html


Chronicling America Posts 10 Millionth Page

Chronicling America, a free, online searchable database of historic U.S. newspapers, has posted its 10 millionth page.

The site now features more than 10 million pages – 74 terabytes of total data – from more than 1,900 newspapers in 38 states and territories and the District of Columbia. The site averaged nearly 3.8 million page views per month last year.

Chronicling America Facts

  • The site now features more than 10 million pages – 74 terabytes of total data – from more than 1,900 newspapers in 38 states and territories and the District of Columbia.
  • Between January and December 2014, the site logged 3.8 million visits and 41.7 million page views;
  • The resource includes more than 285,000 pages in almost 100 non-English newspapers (French, German, Italian and Spanish);
  • More than 250 Recommended Topics pages have been created, offering a gateway to exploration for users at any level. Topics include presidential assassinations, historic events such as the sinking of the Titanic, inventions, famous individuals such as the Wright Brothers and cultural or off-beat subjects like fashion trends, ping-pong and world’s fairs;
  • NEH has awarded a total of more than $30 million in grants to 40 partner institutions to contribute to Chronicling America, listed here: loc.gov/ndnp/awards/.

The site is being used by students, researchers, journalists and others for all kinds of research, from family history to in-depth analysis of U.S. culture. The headlines, articles and advertisements capture the life and times of the American people, shining new light on historic events as they unfolded.

Launched by the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) in 2007, Chronicling America provides enhanced and permanent access to historically significant newspapers published in the United States between 1836 and 1922. It is part of the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a joint effort between the two agencies and partners in 40 states and territories.

While newspapers are frequently available for general use through microfilm and can be shared among users by interlibrary loan or purchasing copies, digitizing pages and providing full-text keyword access to the content is transformative for research of all kinds. In addition to saving researchers hours of scrolling through reels of microfilm, full-text access allows users to discover connections between research topics and uncover little-known stories in American history. The Chronicling America site includes a broad, curated set of newspapers selected for their historical value that users can browse or search, and through a few clicks narrow their focus to newspapers published all on the same day, in the same region, or the entire country. In addition, the content in Chronicling America is available for bulk download and API use, fostering new research approaches through computational and linguistic analysis.

The NDNP awards grants to entities in each state and territory to identify and digitize historic newspaper content. Awardees receive NEH funding to select and digitize 100,000 pages of historic newspapers published in their states between 1836 and 1922. Uniform technical specifications are provided to ensure consistency of all content, and digital files are transferred to the Library of Congress for long-term management and access. The first awards were made in 2005. Since then, NEH has awarded more than $30 million in support of the project.

Founded in 1800, the Library of Congress is the nation’s first-established federal cultural institution and the largest library in the world. It seeks to spark imagination and creativity and to further human understanding and wisdom by providing access to knowledge through its magnificent collections, programs, publications and exhibitions. Many of the Library’s rich resources can be accessed through its website at loc.gov.

Celebrating its 50th anniversary as an independent federal agency in 2015, the National Endowment for the Humanities brings the best in humanities research, public programs, education, and preservation projects to the American people. To date, NEH has awarded $5 billion in grants to build the nation’s cultural capital — at museums, libraries, colleges and universities, archives, and historical societies—and advance our understanding and appreciation of history, literature, philosophy, and language. Learn more at neh.gov.