Posted: February 19, 2017 Filed under: Articles, Day in History, Japanese, Mainland US Newspapers, Teasers, U.S. History, WWI
Today in history — February 19, 1942 — U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which imprisoned 75,000 Japanese Americans and 45,000 Japanese nationals in “internment camps” across the country.
A local man from Hawaii in Northern California, Masuto Hata was imprisoned even though he fought for America in WWI. Also, even though his son Makoto stayed in a concentration camp, he enlisted in the military and got seriously wounded in a battle in Italy.
Read more about it in “Local Japanese Soldier Is Killed” (bottom text and right image).
Local Japanese Soldier Is Killed
Local relatives have been notified one Fresno soldier of Japanese ancestry has been killed in action and another seriously wounded.
Private Haruo Kawamoto lost his life on the Italian front and Private Makoto M. Hata is in serious condition with a shell fragment wound in the abdomen. Hata is in a hospital in Italy.
Kawamoto, 20, was a graduate of the Central Union High School. He was an honor student and one of the speakers at the graduation exercises in the Fresno Japanese Assembly Center in 1942. He entered the service in July, 1944, received his basic training at Camp Blanding, Fla., and was sent overseas in January. He served in France and Italy with an infantry division. Two of his brothers are in the service: Corporal Yurio Kawamoto of Fort Sam Houston, Tex., who volunteered in March 1941, and Private First Class Mitsu Kawamoto who is serving in Italy. Another brother, Toshio Kawamoto, is living near Fresno, and his father and two sisters are in the relocation center at Amachi, Colo.
Hata, 23, has seen service in Italy and France with the infantry. He is a son of Masuto Hata of Ashlan Avenue.”
Makoto Hata – Fresno Bee, Republican, Fresno CA, 05/09/1945 p. 14
Posted: December 27, 2016 Filed under: Articles, Day in History, Deaths, Events, Kalakaua, News, Newspaper History, Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Royalty, Teasers, U.S. History
This week in history — December 26, 1908 — Hawaii’s “sugar king,” Claus Spreckels, died after a brief illness. As one of the ten richest Americans, Spreckels dominated the sugar industries on the U.S. West Coast and in Hawaii from mid-1800s until his death. In Hawaii, he owned a plantation town, Spreckelsville, Maui; and incorporated Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company (HC&S).
Today, the name “Matson” is synonymous with Hawaii’s shipping industry–a lifeline for the world’s most isolated population center. In its early years, Spreckels financed William Matson’s ships for his new shipping company.
Spreckels gave loans and bribes to King Kalakaua and cabinet members. In return, Spreckels got land and water rights. The water rights for the Northeast Maui streams included complete ownership and control over the water. He irrigated the water to Spreckelsville plantation.
Read more about the “sugar king” in “Hardy Pioneer and Benefactor of State Died.”
“Hardy Pioneer and Benefactor of State Died”
The San Francisco call, Dec. 27, 1908, Page 18
Posted: December 7, 2016 Filed under: Day in History, Teasers, Topic Guides, U.S. History
Today in history–December 7, 1941: Japanese soldiers attacked Pearl Harbor, pulling the United States into World War II. Hawaii went into martial law, and tourism in Hawaii abruptly ended. Read more about Pearl Harbor.
Posted: September 17, 2016 Filed under: Newspaper History, Teasers, Topics in Chronicling America, U.S. History
“Extra, extra!!” In the 19th and 20th centuries, newspaper boys and girls (“newsies”) sold newspapers on city streets. Newsies needed to sell all their papers to turn a profit.
In 1899, a jump in newspaper prices prompted New York City newsies to strike against big-name publishers like Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. Read more about it in “Newsies.”
Posted: September 11, 2016 Filed under: Articles, Day in History, Events, government, Teasers, U.S. History
Today in history — September 11, 1897 — Native Hawaiians initiated a petition drive against the U.S. annexation of Hawaii. Through October 2, 1897, 21,269 native Hawaiians, or the majority of the 39,000 on the census, signed the “Petition Against Annexation.”
Read more about it in Native Hawaiians Petition Against U.S. Annexation.
Native Hawaiians Petition Against U.S. Annexation
Posted: July 31, 2016 Filed under: Articles, News, Pacific Commercial Advertiser, Public Figures, Teasers, U.S. History | Tags: chronicling america newspaper
Rev. James Kekela got a watch and chain from President Abraham Lincoln for saving an American citizen from being eaten by cannibals. Read more about it in “Lincoln’s Gift to a Honolululan.”
Pacific commercial advertiser, January 15, 1901, Page 6
Posted: July 19, 2016 Filed under: Articles, Day in History, Deaths, Events, News, Public Figures, Teasers, Topics in Chronicling America, U.S. History
This month in history–July 9, 1850–U.S. President Zachary Taylor died of a stomach-related illness. The Southern Press (Washington, DC) described the former major general: “His splendid military achievements won the admiration of his countrymen,– his simplicity of character a large measure of their confidence.”
Read more about the twelfth U.S. President in “Death of President Taylor.”
“Death of President Taylor”
The Southern press, July 10, 1850, Image 2