Important Dates

1855: First American consulate is established on Spanish-ruled Guam (also known as “Guahan”).

1898: Treaty of Paris formalizes U.S. naval administration of Guam as part of the terms of the armistice following the Spanish-American War.

1899: Captain Richard Phillips Leary becomes first naval governor of Guam.

1908: Ladrone Islands formally renamed “Isle of Guam, Mariana Islands, Pacific Ocean.”

Suggested Search Terms

1. [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases using Search Pages in Chronicling America.] Guam, Ladrone, Ladrones, Captain Leary, Mariana Islands, Marianas, Charleston, Apra, Apra Harbor, San Luis de Apra, Spain, Agana

2. Guam and Ladrone within 50 words of each other

3. American and Samoa and Navy within 50 words of each other and with date range 01/01/1900 to 12/31/1900

Articles from Chronicling America

“Stars and Stripes Unfurled Where Floated the Flag of Spain”
San Francisco Call, 3 August 1898, Page 1, col. 1-6.

“Guam, the Unknown: One of Our New Possessions and Its New Governor”
Omaha daily bee, May 11, 1899, Page 9

“The Island of Guam”
Evening star, March 28, 1900, Page 11

“Americanizing of Guam: J. D. Rumburg Returns to Honolulu”
The Hawaiian star, February 18, 1901, Page 5

“Sees ‘Gibraltar of the Pacific’ for America in Little Isle of Guam”
New-York tribune, August 13, 1911, Page 2, Image 18

“Needs Waking”
The Hawaiian star, April 14, 1902, Page 4

“Uncle Sam’s Island Children”
The Ocala evening star, November 10, 1902, Image 3

“Guam Now Called the Key to the Pacific and Hobson Wants Naval Station There”
Hawaiian star, March 9, 1911, Image 9

“Guam, Our Tiny Island in the Far East”
The times and democrat, June 10, 1911, Page 3

“What the Navy Department Has Done on the Island of Guam”
The times dispatch, March 3, 1912, Image 12

“America’s Strategic Position in the Western Pacific Is Weak”
New-York tribune, December 11, 1921, Page 2, Image 26

“Guam, and How It Happened”
New-York tribune, December 18, 1921, Page 4, Image 56

“Guam, Uncle Sam’s Far-Flung Output in the Pacific: Island Possession Has Been Little Developed, But Possibilities Are Great”
The Manning times, March 22, 1922, Section One Pages 1 to 8, Page 6