2.0 million years ago: The East Maui Volcano, known as Haleakala, started rising up from the ocean floor.

1.1 million years ago: The shield volcano would finally reach the ocean surface. Haleakala would make up about 75 percent of Maui, specifically the large, east side of Maui. Years of erosion would form Haleakala’s crater.

2,500 years ago – 1790: The volcano would erupt about 20 times. A dormant volcano, Haleakala is predicted to erupt again within the next century.

After 400 AD: The ancient Hawaiians inhabited the Hawaiian islands, including Maui, but not in Haleakala. The Hawaiians visited the mountain, but considered “house of the sun” sacred. In Hawaiian folklore, demigod Maui’s grandmother lived in Haleakala’s summit. She helped Maui to slow down the sun to lengthen the day. The Native Hawaiians took advantage of Haleakala’s resources by mining lava rocks to create tools and other items.

1828: A group of missionaries hiked to the summit of Haleakala, becoming the first non-native Hawaiians to visit there. Many silverswords covered the crater.

1841: Lt. Charles Mills surveyed the crater, creating an invaluable record of the Hawaiian names of the crater areas.

August 1, 1916: One week after its creation, the National Park Service established Haleakala National Park, Mauna Loa, and Kilauea (volcanoes on the Big Island) as the Hawaii National Park.

1935: The construction of the Haleakala Highway has been completed.

1961: The National Park Service made Mauna Loa and Kilauea into a national park separate from Haleakala: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.

Suggested Search Terms: [Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases using Search Pages in Chronicling America.]  haleakala, silversword

Articles from Chronicling America

“The Palace of the Sun: The Scene of Grandeur Beheld from its Summit”
Pacific commercial advertiser, April 2, 1894, Image 1

“On Haleakala: The Description of a Trip Taken by James W. Garvin”
Hawaiian gazette, July 31, 1894, Page 2

“From the Other Islands” (Materials for the Construction of the Crater House on Haleakala)
Pacific commercial advertiser, August 6, 1894, Image 1

“The Opening of ‘Craigielea’: A Pretentious House Warming at the Grand Haleakala Crater”
Pacific commercial advertiser, November 19, 1894, Page 5

“Haleakala Party: Mani Social Life Very Active, As Usual”
Pacific commercial advertiser, January 28, 1896, Page 6

“Mountain Perils: Climbing in the Islands Is Not Always Easy”
Pacific commercial advertiser, August 11, 1897, Image 1

“Tunneling Haleakala: Trying to Get More Water for the Ranches”
Pacific commercial advertiser, May 13, 1901, Page 15

“Trip to the Top of the World’s Biggest Crater: What the Ascent of Haleakala Seemed Like to a Tacoma Man”
Pacific commercial advertiser, August 29, 1902, Page 9

“Snow Capped Haleakala Crater”
Pacific commercial advertiser, February 21, 1903, Page 7

“Shelter on Haleakala: Plans Are Made for a New Summit Cave”
Pacific commercial advertiser, August 31, 1903, Page 8

“Another Volcanic Eruption: Mokuaweoweo Is Said to Be Active”
Pacific commercial advertiser, September 7, 1903, Image 1

“Sight-seeing Above Clouds on Haleakala”
Pacific commercial advertiser., November 27, 1903, Image 5

“Land for Paying Crop: Chance for Farmers to Cultivate Sisal”
Pacific commercial advertiser., November 24, 1904, Page 2

“Haleakala May Get Rank with World Wonders”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 3, 1905, Image 1

“Sunrise on Haleakala: Capt. Peterson Makes Trip into the Crater”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 17, 1905, Page 8

“Hawaii and the Moon” by New York Sun
Pacific commercial advertiser, October 22, 1905, Sunday Advertiser, Page 4

“Haleakala Trail Now Completed”
Pacific commercial advertiser, November 6, 1905, Page 2

“Jack London on Haleakala: The Distinguished Author Enthusiastic Over His Maui Trip”
Hawaiian star, July 25, 1907, Page 8

“Ranging over Haleakala: Jack London Sees the Big Mountain Country of Maui”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 28, 1907, Page 10

“As Others See Us: Letters of E. G. Lowrey, … New York Evening Post, Who Accompanied the Congressional Party”
Pacific commercial advertiser, December 10, 1907, Page 6

“Haleakala Rest House Is Ready”
Pacific commercial advertiser, October 9, 1908, Image 1

“The Crater of Haleakala: As Described by Miss Irene Aiken”
Maui news, October 10, 1908, Page 6

“Haleakala Is Mecca of Maui: Party of Sixteen Pay Respects to ‘House of Sun.'”
Maui news, August 31, 1912, Image 1

“New Rest House on Haleakala Popular”
Maui news, September 3, 1915, Image 1

“Vast Grandeur of Haleakala Wakes Admiration and Is Most Inspiring”
Honolulu star-bulletin, May 26, 1917, 3:30 Edition, Page 9

“Congress Committee Hears of Haleakala”
Maui news, March 14, 1919, Page 2

“Recommendations for Haleakala Presented”
Maui news, February 18, 1921, Page 6

“On Haleakala’s Green Slope”
Maui news, October 10, 1922, Page 2, Image 10


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