Hawaii Newspaper Categories

In her book Guide to Newspapers in Hawaii 1834-2000, Hawaii newspaper historian Helen Chapin listed and categorized most newspapers created in Hawaii from 1834, when missionaries printed the first newspapers in Hawaii. The following table shows the numbers of newspapers by titles, islands, languages, and categories compiled by Chapin and the numbers of newspapers in Chronicling America:

Total (per Chapin)
Chronicling America
Titles
ca. 1,250
20
Islands
6
4
Languages
16
2
English
938
20
Hawaiian
134
Categories
29
3

Chapin created 29 categories for the newspapers:

Helen Chapin’s Categories
African American
Independent
Portuguese
Alternative
Indonesian
Prison
Chinese
Japanese
Samoan
Church
Jewish
School
Establishment
Korean
Sports
Filipino
Labor
Tongan
Government
Micronesian
Tourist
Hawaiian
Military
Underground
Hispanic
Plantation
Vietnamese
Unclassified

Three of these categories–Establishment, Alternative, and Hawaiian–are represented in Hawaii’s newspapers in Chronicling America, and the table below lists the newspapers titles accordingly:

Helen Chapin’s Categories
Establishment
The Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu, 1865-1916)
The Saturday Press (Honolulu, 1880-1885)
Daily Bulletin (Honolulu, 1882-1895)
The Daily Honolulu Press (Honolulu, 1885-1886)
The Daily Herald (Honolulu, 1886-1887)
The Hawaiian Star (Honolulu, 1893-1912)
The Independent (Honolulu, 1895-1895)
Evening Bulletin (Honolulu, 1895-1912)
Hilo Tribune (Hilo, 1895-1917)
Austin’s Hawaiian Weekly (Honolulu, 1899-1900)
The Honolulu Republican (Honolulu, 1900-1902)
The Honolulu Times (Honolulu, 1902-1911)
Alternative
The Independent (Honolulu, 1895-1905)
The Democrat (Honolulu, 1910-1910)
Hawaiian
Hawaii Holomua (Honolulu, 1891-1895)
Hawaii Progress Holomua (Honolulu, 1893-1895)
Establishment
Represents the mainstream or dominant power. Pro-American business, pro-sugar, pro-annexation.Alternative
Voices anti-establishment or countervailing views. Not necessarily pro-Hawaiian.

Hawaiian
Pro-monarchy, anti-annexation.

– Dore Minatodani & Alice Kim


One Comment on “Hawaii Newspaper Categories”

  1. […] son of a missionary, founded the English-language newspaper as an “American newspaper” and alternative to the monarchy-run Polynesian. In the first issue, he […]


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