King Kamehameha IV


As the fourth king of the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha IV resisted the growing American influence in Hawaii. Kamehameha IV and Queen Consort Emma Rooke improved healthcare and education for the native Hawaiians, who were dying from foreign diseases.


February 9, 1834: Alexander ʻIolani Liholiho, the future King Kamehameha IV, was born.

January 11, 1855: Liholiho became King Kamehameha IV of Hawaii at twenty years old, replacing Kamehameha III, his uncle and adoptive father.

May 20, 1858: Prince Albert Kamehameha was born to King Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma.

1859: Liholiho and Emma established the Queen’s Hospital, known today as Queen’s Medical Center.

August 27, 1862: Her son Prince Albert died, and Emma and Kamehameha IV went into mourning.

November 30, 1863: At age twenty-nine, Liholiho died of chronic asthma a year after the death of his son, Prince Albert. Emma was left as a widow and never remarried. As a result of Kamehameha IV’s death, Kamehameha V, Lot, ascended to the throne at age 33.

February 3, 1864: King Kamehameha IV’s body was buried with his son Prince Albert at Mauna Loa.

Articles from Chronicling America

“Death of the King!: Kamehameha IV Proclaimed.”
Polynesian, December 16, 1854, Page 126, Image 2

“Marriage: Of His Majesty Kamehameha IV”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 2, 1856, Image 2

“Birth of a Prince”
Polynesian, May 22, 1858, Image 2

“Birth of a Prince”
Pacific commercial advertiser, May 27, 1858, Image 2

“His Majesty’s Birthday”
Polynesian, February 15, 1862, Image 2

“Death of His Royal Highness, The Prince of Hawaii”
Pacific commercial advertiser, August 28, 1862, Image 2

“Death of H. R. H. Prince Albert of Hawaii!”
Polynesian, August 30, 1862, Image 2

“Death of His Royal Highness, the Prince of Hawaii” (Prince Albert)
The Pacific commercial advertiser, August 28, 1862, Image 2

“Death of His Majesty Kamehameha IV!”
Pacific commercial advertiser, December 3, 1863, Image 2

“Funeral of the Late King”
Pacific commercial advertiser, February 4, 1864, Image 1