Missionaries in Micronesia


Important Dates

June 1668: Spanish Jesuit missionaries from the Philippines introduced Catholicism to the people in the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam.

1731 and 1767: Jesuit missionaries attempted to introduce Catholicism to the nearby western Caroline Islands without success.

1852: The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) sent its first groups of American and Hawaiian missionaries on the schooner Caroline to the eastern Caroline Islands and Kosrae in Micronesia.

1857: The Marshall Islands received its first foreign missionaries. Rev. Hiram Bingham Jr. of ABCFM established a missionary outpost on Ebon atoll.

November 19, 1857: American Protestant missionaries Hiram Bingham II and his wife Clara Brewster Bingham (second image) sailed to Apaiang, one of the Gilbert Islands. Afterwards, Hawaiian pastors spread Christianity in the northern islands.

August 7, 1857: The “Morning Star” missionary ship sailed for Micronesia

1869: A training school for mission teachers was founded on Ebon atoll.

1870s: ABCFM placed native mission teachers in the eastern Caroline Islands, including Mokil, Pingelap, the Mortlocks, and Truk.

Late 1870s: At least fourteen strong churches were established in the eastern Caroline Islands.

1888: Catholic priests of the Sacred Heart order established a base on Nonouti, an atoll of Kiribati.

1899: In the island Nauru, the first European Protestant missionary, Rev. P.A. Delaporte (fourth image), arrived. Pastors from Gilbert Islands were already working there for a while.

1902: German Catholic missionary Father Grundle arrived in Nauru, and he and Delaporte transcribed the Nauruan language.

Suggested Search Terms

Try the following terms in combination, proximity, or as phrases in Chronicling America: Morning Star, Star of Devon, Hiram Bingham, American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, London Missionary Society, Missionary, Mission, Micronesia

Sample Articles from Chronicling America

“Micronesian Missions: The Queer Islands Visited by the Morning Star–A South Sea Paradise — Converting the Natives”
Saline County journal (Salina, Kan.), April 24, 1879, SUPPLEMENT, Image 4
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027670/1879-04-24/ed-1/seq-4/

“Notes from the ‘Morning Star'”
Hawaiian gazette, June 1, 1881, Supplement, Image 5
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1881-06-01/ed-1/seq-5/

“The Morning Star: Report of Second Voyage to Micronesia”
Daily Honolulu press, April 29, 1886, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85047264/1886-04-29/ed-1/seq-3/

“The Voyage of the Morning Star”
Hawaiian gazette, May 4, 1886, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1886-05-04/ed-1/seq-3/

“From Micronesia”
Daily bulletin, October 23, 1886, SUPPLEMENT, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1886-10-23/ed-1/seq-3/

“The Morning Star: Return of the Missionary Vessel from the Gilbert Islands”
Hawaiian gazette, April 29, 1890, Page 7
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1890-04-29/ed-1/seq-7/

The Gilbert Islanders: A Hardy, Savage and Quarrelsome People
The morning call, October 30, 1892, Image 9
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94052989/1892-10-30/ed-1/seq-9/

“Micronesia: Arrival of Missionary Packet Morning Star”
Daily bulletin, March 27, 1893, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1893-03-27/ed-1/seq-3/

“The South Seas: Arrival of the Morning Star”
Hawaiian gazette, April 4, 1893, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1893-04-04/ed-1/seq-1/

“Rev. and Mrs. Bingham: Their Work in the South Sea Islands”
Hawaiian gazette, October 3, 1893, Page 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1893-10-03/ed-1/seq-3/

“Notable Cruise: Morning Star Visits Islands of Marshall Group”
Hawaiian gazette, May 4, 1897, Page 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1897-05-04/ed-1/seq-2/

“In South Seas: Harry Swinton Concludes Marshall Group”
Hawaiian gazette, May 21, 1897, Page 8, Image 9
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1897-05-21/ed-1/seq-9/

“A South Seas Fish Story: The Morning Star Is Soon to Turn Her Head Homeward”
San Francisco call, January 15, 1898, Page 11
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1898-01-15/ed-1/seq-11/

“Missionary Packet Returns from South Pacific”
Hawaiian gazette, April 19, 1898, Page 6, Image 7
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1898-04-19/ed-1/seq-7/

“Missions in Micronesia: Work done by Americans in the Caroline Islands”
The sun, November 27, 1898, 2, Page 10, Image 22
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1898-11-27/ed-1/seq-22/

“Death of Mrs. Hiram Bingham after an Illness of Ten Years”
Hawaiian gazette, November 20, 1903, Page 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1903-11-20/ed-1/seq-3/

“Women Laud Life of Micronesian Missionary: Tributes to the Memory of the Late Mrs. Hiram Bingham by the Woman’s Board of Missions”
Hawaiian gazette, December 4, 1903, Page 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1903-12-04/ed-1/seq-2/

“Tells Romance of South Seas: Missionary Relates How Natives Ate Mail for Food of White Men”
San Francisco call, June 10, 1908, Page 8
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1908-06-10/ed-1/seq-8/

“Hiram Bingham Is Dead”
Hawaiian star, November 2, 1908, SECOND EDITION, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015415/1908-11-02/ed-1/seq-1/

“Rev. Hiram Bingham Dies in Baltimore Hospital”
Hawaiian gazette, November 6, 1908, Page 6
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1908-11-06/ed-1/seq-6/

“The Memorial Sermon for the Late Rev. Dr. Bingham”
Hawaiian gazette, November 13, 1908, Page 4
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1908-11-13/ed-1/seq-4/

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