Vietnam War through the Eyes of Hawaii’s Journalists

Hawaii journalists Bob Jones and Denby Fawcett covered Vietnam War for The Honolulu Advertiser, and now you can see what they saw:

“Vietnam: The War and the People,” photography exhibition
Lama Library, Kapiolani Community College
Library Hours: Monday-Thursday, 7:30 a.m. to 7 p.m.; Friday and Saturday to 4 p.m.


Pau Hana for Hawaii’s Sugar King

This week in history  — December 26, 1908 — Hawaii’s “sugar king,” Claus Spreckels, died after a brief illness. As one of the ten richest Americans, Spreckels dominated the sugar industries on the U.S. West Coast and in Hawaii from mid-1800s until his death. In Hawaii, he owned a plantation town, Spreckelsville, Maui; and incorporated Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company (HC&S).

Today, the name “Matson” is synonymous with Hawaii’s shipping industry–a lifeline for the world’s most isolated population center. In its early years, Spreckels financed William Matson’s ships for his new shipping company.

Spreckels gave loans and bribes to King Kalakaua and cabinet members. In return, Spreckels got land and water rights. The water rights for the Northeast Maui streams included complete ownership and control over the water. He irrigated the water to Spreckelsville plantation.

Read more about the “sugar king” in “Hardy Pioneer and Benefactor of State Died.”

“Hardy Pioneer and Benefactor of State Died”
The San Francisco call, Dec. 27, 1908, Page 18
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1908-12-27/ed-1/seq-18/


Native Hawaiians Protested U.S. Annexation of Hawaii

Today in history — September 11, 1897 — Native Hawaiians initiated a petition drive against the U.S. annexation of Hawaii. Through October 2, 1897, 21,269 native Hawaiians, or the majority of the 39,000 on the census, signed the “Petition Against Annexation.”

Read more about it in Native Hawaiians Petition Against U.S. Annexation.

Native Hawaiians Petition Against U.S. Annexation
https://hdnpblog.wordpress.com/historical-articles/native-hawaiians-petition-against-u-s-annexation-2/


Chronicling America Will Expand to 1690-1963 Newspapers

Chronicling America will expand its date scope from 1836-1922 to 1690-1963, and newspaper pages with these dates will be included.

Chronicling America will not offer Hawaii newspaper pages before 1836 or after 1963 in the near future, but eventually may do so contingent on funding (donations can be made here).

The University of Hawaii at Manoa Library offers additional Hawaii newspaper titles online at eVols and ScholarSpace, UH Manoa’s institutional repositories. Hawaii newspaper categories include community/alternative, Filipino-language, Portuguese-language, and English-language (mirroring the Chronicling America collection). Titles include Roach, Ka Leo O Hawaii, and Hawaii Mainichi.

Anything published before 1923 is in the public domain. From 1923 to 1963, materials fell into the public domain if their publishers did not renew their copyrights.

Chronicling America is produced by the National Digital Newspaper Program, a partnership between National Endowment for the Humanities, the Library of Congress, thirty-nine state partners, and one territorial partner.  Over 11 million newspaper pages are freely available to the public.

For more information, read “Expanding Our Current Scope.”

Expanding Our Current Scope
http://www.neh.gov/news/expanding-our-current-scope-ndnp


U.S. President Zachary Taylor Died

This month in history–July 9, 1850–U.S. President Zachary Taylor died of a stomach-related illness. The Southern Press (Washington, DC) described the former major general: “His splendid military achievements won the admiration of his countrymen,– his simplicity of character a large measure of their confidence.”

Read more about the twelfth U.S. President in “Death of President Taylor.”

“Death of President Taylor”
The Southern press, July 10, 1850, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014764/1850-07-10/ed-1/seq-2/


Civil Beat Featured Chronicling America in Reporting HECo’s History

Iolani Palace lit up

Honolulu Civil Beat used Chronicling America to illustrate Hawaiian Electric Co.’s history in a special report “How One Company Turned ‘Darkness Into Day:'”

On a long-ago summer night, thousands of people gathered on the grounds of Iolani Palace for what might be described as an illuminating tea party with David Kalakaua, Hawaii’s last ruling king.

There was tea, coffee, ice cream, Hawaiian music, dance and high society in fine evening wear. But the real draw on the evening of July 21, 1886, was the simple spectacle of electric light that few locals had ever seen.

The 49-year-old king, who was fascinated by the potential of electricity, was something of an early adopter who had promised to bring electric light to Hawaii. Even the White House wouldn’t have electric lights for years after Iolani Palace, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, was electrified.

In 1881, during a trip around the world, Kalakaua had dropped in on Thomas Edison’s “invention factory,” a laboratory in New Jersey, to see if he could find a way to brighten Hawaii’s future. It was less than two years after the inventor had come up with the incandescent light bulb.

As night fell on that July evening in 1886, a small steam engine located in the Honolulu Iron Works on Merchant Street successfully powered up cables that led to five lamps outside the palace. During the course of the night, the light around Palace Square drew a gawking crowd that the Honolulu Daily Bulletin put at more than 5,000. That amounted to one in every six people on the island.

It was, according to another news report in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser, a “soft but brilliant light which turned darkness into day.”

Soon, the newspaper said, the Royal Hawaiian military band began playing, soldiers marched on the grounds and a tea party for children got underway, hosted by Princess Liliuokalani and Princess Likelike.

“The Palace was brightly illuminated, and the large crowd moving among the trees and tents made a pretty picture.”

A nonprofit online news source, Civil Beat is currently publishing “Electric Dreams,” a special report series:

For the past 125 years, Hawaiian Electric Co. has helped shape Hawaii’s development, its politics and its culture. We explore its past to see what we can learn about its future.

Civil Beat Article: How One Company Turned ‘Darkness Into Day’
http://www.civilbeat.org/2016/07/how-one-company-turned-darkness-into-day/

Hawaii’s First Electric Lights
https://hdnpblog.wordpress.com/…/hawaiis-first-electric-li…/

Electric Light (second column from left, bottom)
The Daily bulletin, July 22, 1886, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/…/…/1886-07-22/ed-1/seq-3/

Kalakaua Visits Edison: The King in Search of a Means to Light Up Honolulu (column on the extreme right)
The sun, September 26, 1881, Image 1
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1881-09-26/ed-1/seq-1/

Points in Hawaiian History (second column from left, middle)
The Daily bulletin, September 30, 1887, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1887-09-30/ed-1/seq-3/

Honolulu Electric Works: Starting of the Machinery (third column from left, top)
The Daily bulletin, March 21, 1888, Image 3
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82016412/1888-03-21/ed-1/seq-3/


A New Age in Hawaii Journalism: The Pacific Commercial Advertiser

Today in history — July 2, 1856 — marks the birth of the future Honolulu Advertiser: The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. The first issue reported the wedding of King Kamehameha IV and Emma Rooke.

Editor Henry Martyn Whitney, son of a missionary, founded the English-language newspaper as an “American newspaper” and alternative to the monarchy-run Polynesian. In the first issue, he said,

“Thank heaven, the day at length has dawned when the Hawaiian Nation can boast a free press, untrammelled by government patronage or party pledges, unbiased by ministerial frowns or favors–a press whose aim shall be the advancement of the nation in its commercial, political and social condition.”

During the whale industry’s peak, whalemen read the PCA when they sailed to Hawaii for rest and provisions.

As a former newsman at the New-York Commercial Advertiser, Whitney used that as a model to develop the PCA. Whitney was the first in Honolulu to meet ships off port in a boat to pick up foreign newspapers, as was often done in New York.

Read about the beginning of the PCA and the Honolulu Advertiser in “The Pacific Commercial Advertiser” and the PCA’s history.

“The Pacific Commercial Advertiser”
Pacific commercial advertiser, July 2, 1856, Image 2
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1856-07-02/ed-1/seq-2/

History of The Pacific Commercial Advertiser
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/