A New Town Named Pearl City

This month in history — May 16, 1890 — A committee chose to name “the town recently laid out at Ewa” Pearl City and the avenue “Lehua.” The Oahu Railway and Land Co. organized this committee. Read more about it in “Pearl City.”

“Pearl City”
The Pacific commercial advertiser, May 17, 1890, Image 3

Kaiulani’s Guardian, Theo H. Davies Died

Today in history — May 25, 1898 — Theophilus Harris Davies, a British businessman and guardian of Princess Victoria Kaiulani, died.

As the namesake of a Big Five company in Hawaii, “Theo” directed and owned Theo H. Davies & Co.

As Princess Kaiulani’s guardian, Theo accompanied the kingdom’s heir apparent when she studied in England for four years and traveled around the United States. During the latter after the Hawaiian Monarchy’s overthrow, Theo watched Kaiulani deliver impassioned speeches about her people losing their monarchy and disprove her reputation as the “Barbarian Princess.”

In her last living years, the royal bachelorette faced rumors about marriage engagements with Theo’s sons: Theophilus Clive Davies and George Davies.

In 1898, Theo suddenly left the princess through death, two years before hers.

Read more about Theo’s life in  “Mr. T. H. Davies.”

“Mr. T. H. Davies: Sad News of His Sudden Death in England”
The Hawaiian gazette, June 3, 1898, Page 4

Octopus fishing and more described by Emma Metcalf Beckley, 1902. — nupepa

HOW NATIVES ONCE FISHED Women Got the Octopus With Spears. The Hawaiians have five methods of fishing: by spearing, hand catching, baskets, hook and line, and with nets. The Ia O is the spearing of fish and is of two kinds, below and above water. That below water is the most important, and is generally […]

“How Natives Once Fished”
Pacific commercial advertiser, December 23, 1902, Page 5

via Octopus fishing and more described by Emma Metcalf Beckley, 1902. — nupepa

Shark fin, sea cucumber and tree ear trade, 1864.

Sea Cucumber [Loli];—Tree Ear [Pepeiaolaau]—and Shark Fin [Lala Mano.]—In today’s newspaper, there is printed an Advertisement by Akuwai, one of the Chinese merchants of Honolulu nei, calling…

Source: Shark fin, sea cucumber and tree ear trade, 1864.

Eight feet eel? 1909. — nupepa

“Great Eel at the Market”
Hawaiian star, February 12, 1909, Page 6

GREAT EEL AT THE MARKET One of the largest uha or white eels that has ever been seen in Honolulu was on view at the fishmarket yesterday morning. The eel was about eight feet in length and weighed thirty-five pounds. It was as thick as a man’s leg in the middle.

via Eight feet eel? 1909. — nupepa

Prince Albert Kamehameha’s Birthday

Today in history — May 20, 1858 — Prince Albert Kamehameha was born to King Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma.

Fanfare surrounded the future king of Hawaii. To celebrate, people raised flags and hung streamers at home, and twenty-one guns shot in salute.

Read about Albert’s life in “Prince Albert Kamehameha.”

“Prince Albert of Kamehameha”

Iwi found on the future site of the First National Bank, 1924. — nupepa

HUMAN BONES AND A POI POUNDER FOUND. While the site was being dug, where the First National Bank [Banako First National] will be built in the future, at King and Bishop streets, there was found human bones and a poi pounder in the earth, but as to how those bones and poi pounder got there, […]

via Iwi found on the future site of the First National Bank, 1924. — nupepa

Hawaii’s First Photograph

Today in history — May 17, 1845 — Theophilus Metcalf took Hawaii’s first photograph. The  daguerreotype portrayed Timoteo Haalilio and William Richards in Paris (left image) as diplomats for the Kingdom of Hawaii.

After returning to Hawaii, Metcalf started his photography business as Hawaii’s first commercial photographer. Read more about it in “Early Photography in Hawaii.”

“Early Photography in Hawaii”

First Filming in Hawaii

This week in history — May 10, 1898 — Edison photographers filmed the first filming in Hawaii. The two photographers traveled around Honolulu and filmed scenes.

The year before, the Hawaiian Opera House featured the first movie showing in Hawaii, which included seven short films, such as “A Watermelon Contest,” and “Wonderful Contrivance.”  Each of the silent film was less than a minute long.

Read more about it in “First Night at the Movies in Hawaii.”

“First Night at the Movies in Hawaii”

The Arrival of Father Damien

Today in history — May 10, 1873 — the Hawaiian Kingdom exiled leprosy victims, mostly Native Hawaiians, to Kalaupapa, Molokai, so Father Damien and his bishop went there to help them rebuild their lives. Read more about it in “leprosy.”